(6. 3. 1913 - 13. 11. 1985)
P okryshkin Alexander fighter pilot. Born March 6, 1913 in the city Novonikolayevsk (now Novosibirsk) in a working class family. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1942. In 1928 he graduated from high school 7. He worked as roofer. After FZU worked as a fitter-lekalschikom plant. In the Red Army in 1932. In 1933 he graduated from the 3rd Perm military school of aviation technicians in 1934 - the Leningrad military theory flying school. He served as a technician-level communication 74 th Infantry Division, stationed in Krasnodar. Simultaneously, he studied at Krasnodar Aeroclub. Posted 40 reports to commanders, Air Force Commander, People's Commissar of Defense, has not yet been sent to the 1-S Kachin Military Aviation School of Pilots. AF Myasnikov, which he graduated with honors in 1939. Directed to serve in the 55 th Fighter Aviation Regiment (Odessa Military District). In 1941, Lieutenant Pokryshkin appointed deputy commander of the squadron. One of the first regiment mastered the MiG-3.
. On the Great Patriotic War from day one.
. In the first sortie in error knocked Su-2, piloted by Ivan Pstygo (later Air Marshal, Hero of the Soviet Union)
. The case then he will long recall and bosses, and security officer. June 23 in a dogfight with 5 Me-109 in the Prut River knocked one of them, but he himself was hit. With great difficulty, have lasted up to its airport and landed. In the summer of 1941 in the fighting on the southern front shot down several enemy planes, but due to the destruction of the regimental documents, they were not credited to him.
In early 1942, the regiment was transferred to the rear in Zakazvkaze. Among the other pilots mastered aircraft P-39 Airacobra Á• Á•L, even distilling these aircraft from Iran. At the front fell again until the spring of 1943 goals. Distinguished themselves during the fighting in the Kuban. Here was born his famous formula: Á• height, speed, maneuver, fire Á•L. Squadron 16 th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (216 th Composite Air Division, 4 th Air Army, the North-Caucasian Front) Guard Captain Pokryshkin AI. April 12 in an air battle near the village of Crimean directly in front of the commander 4 VA General K. Vershinin knocked 4 Me-109. The same day, knocked down another 3 aircraft.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star Squadron 16 th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (216 th Composite Air Division, . 4-th Air Army, . North-Caucasian Front) Guard Captain Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin conferred May 24, 1943 over 354 combat sorties, . 54 air boyab 13 personal and 6 in the group shot down enemy planes.,
. In the Torah medal "Gold Star" The commander of the same regiment (9 th Guards Fighter Division, . 4-th Air Army, . North-Caucasian Front), the Major Pokryshkin A.I.udostoen August 24, 1943 for 455 combat missions and personally shot down 30 enemy planes.,
. Later participated in the battles over the Black Sea and the Dnieper.
. P okryshkin was the author of many new tactics fighters
. Always with me wore the album, which drew a dogfighting scheme (now stored in the Central Museum of Armed Forces). One of the first to practice free hunting Á• Á•L. He himself was piloted excellent, thoroughly knew the construction of the aircraft (former technician!). His tactics and combat techniques then spread on all fronts. In February 1944 he was summoned to Moscow Air Force Commander AA Novikov and offered a position as chief flying school, but he refused and returned to the front.
. Acting commander of the 16 th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (the same division, 7 th Fighter Aviation Corps, 8 th Air Army, 1 st Ukrainian Front) Guard colonel Pokryshkin AI
. by May 1944 has made 550 sorties in 137 air battles personally shot down 53 enemy planes. In May, appointed commander of the 9 th Guards Division. At the P-39N Steer Á•¬ 100 participated in the battles over the Prut and Jassy, in the Lvov-Sandomierz operation.
. T retey Gold Star Medal, the commander of 9 th Guards Division Guard Lt. Col. Pokryshkin awarded on Aug. 19, 1944 for their exemplary performance Á• command assignments and heroic feats at the front against the German invaders Á•L.,
. Thus, he became the first three times Hero of the Soviet Union!
. By omanduya Division, liberated Poland, Romania, participated in the Berlin offensive
. The war ended in Czechoslovakia (the last battle held May 9, 1945 on Prague). Total committed more than 650 sorties, 156 combat aircraft shot down in person 59 (unofficial figure 75) and in Group 6 enemy aircraft. During the Victory Parade June 24, 1945 at the Red Square in Moscow, carrying the banner of the front.
Fter the war he served in command positions in Air Defense. In 1948 he graduated from the Military Academy. Frunze, in 1957 - the Military Academy of the General Staff. In 1968-1971 he was the Deputy Commander in Chief Air Defense Forces. In 1969 he defended his thesis of the candidate of military sciences. In 1972 he was awarded the rank of Air Marshal. In 1972-1981, he led the Central Committee of the DOSAAF USSR. Alternate member of the CPSU Central Committee since 1976. Elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 2.10 convocations. In 1979-1984 he was a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He was awarded the Order of Lenin 6, . Order of the October Revolution, . 4 Orders of the Red Banner, . 2 orders of Suvorov 2 degrees, . Order of the Patriotic War of 1 degree, . 2 orders of Red Star, . Á• Order For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR Á•L 3 degrees, . medals, . 19 foreign orders and medals,
. Bronze bust installed at home in Novosibirsk. Honorary citizen of Novosibirsk. Author of books: Á• Wings fighter Á•L, Á• Your honorable duty Á•L, Á• sky war Á•L, Á• know himself in battle Á•L.
In action Nov. 13, 1985. He was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery.
Biography provided by AE Melnikov
. 1) Aircraft: Encyclopedia
. - Moscow: Great Encyclopedia of Russia, 1994.
2) The Great Patriotic War 1941-1945: Events. People. Dokumenty.-Politizd.1990
3) In the name of homeland. - Publishing. 2-e. - M., 1982.
4) Military pilots: Aces of the Second World War. - Minsk: "Literature", 1997.
5) The heroes of the Great Patriotic War. Issue IV. 1974
6) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
7) Golubev i.i. In a couple of "hundredths". - Publishing. 2-e, dop. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1978.
8) The stars of valor inversely. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk kn. ed. 1986.
9) People of the immortal exploits. Moscow submarine v.2 1975
10) The sky on fire. - Dnepropetrovsk: "Promin, 1985.
11) Ustinov S. The first three times Hero of the Soviet Union / Wings Rodiny.2001. Á•¬ 5. /