(11. 4. 1923)
P olyakov Vitaly Konstantinovich senior pilot of 54-th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (1 Guards Fighter Division, . 3rd Fighter Air Corps, . 16-th Air Army, . Central Front) - Guard Lieutenant,
. Born April 11, 1923 in the village Aborino Bolsheselskij district of the Yaroslavl region in a peasant family. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1945. In 1930, the senior pilot of 54-th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (1 Guards Fighter Division, . 3rd Fighter Air Corps, . 16-th Air Army, . Central Front) Komsomolets Guard Lieutenant moved with his family in Moscow,
. Graduated 9 years of the average 554-th school and Proletarian Aero Club of Moscow. In the Red Army in 1940. In March 1941 he graduated from the 1 st Serpuchovskay joint military aviation school pilots.
H as the Great Patriotic War from August 1942. In September 1941,. Polyakov hit in the 8 th Fighter Wing reserve for retraining in new technology - Yak-1. In June 1942, a sergeant in. Polyakov was appointed to the 237 th Regiment, and in August in the 220 th Air Division 16 Air Army, arrived in Stalingrad Front. August 30, 1942 during the air battle was wounded. Despite the loss of blood, brought his fighter to the airfield. After six months of treatment in. Polyakov was appointed to his regiment, but has become a 54-th Guards Fighter Air Regiment. After the Battle of Stalingrad, he is involved in the fighting at Kursk. July 5, 1943 rammed an enemy aircraft.
After the Battle of Kursk pilots 54-th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment re-learn the new material part - American fighters Aerocobra. In April 1944, Lieutenant. Polyakov appointed deputy commander of the squadron. Successfully perform combat missions. Participates in "Operation Bagration" Free Belarus, in the Vistula-Oder and Berlin operations.
. During the fighting in the Great Patriotic War, he made 175 sorties to protect ground troops, combat support other types of aircraft, aerial reconnaissance
. Held 25 air battles, shooting down 4 enemy aircraft (one battering ram). The war ended in Berlin with the rank of lieutenant, . as the deputy commander of the squadron, . was a member of the Victory Parade in Moscow on June 24, 1945, . as well as in subsequent parades, . the Day of Victory, . - 1980, . 1985, . 1990, . 1995, . 2000.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Vitaly Konstantinovich Polyakov awarded on Sept. 2, 1943 for ramming enemy aircraft.
. In 1949, Captain in
. Polyakov enters the Air Force Academy in Monino, graduated with distinction in 1954 and on the Department of the tactics of fighter aircraft and air defense instructor. Later consistently been a senior teacher, deputy head of department, head of Studies, Head of the department.
. Until 1971 conducted training activities at a special department to prepare officers for the Air Force foreign countries: East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, China, North Korea, Vietnam
. Vitaly K. in 1966 he defended his thesis. In 1968 he became associate professor of department tactical fighter aircraft and air defense. He has more than 20 scientific papers published in the military press. In 1980, Col.. Polyakov given the rank of Major General Aviation. Three years later discharged from the Armed Forces of the disease. Prior to 1991, remained a senior researcher at the Military Institute. Conducts a major public work. In particular, he is chairman of the Veterans Council of the 16 th Air Force and deputy chairman of the Joint Council of Veterans and Military Service Air Force. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, Red Banner, World War I level, Red Star, "For Service to Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR" III degree, and many medals.
5 Jul. 1943 fascist army took the offensive, trying to take revenge for the defeat of Stalingrad
. Continuous-wave followed a group of German bombers with fighter cover for our defense. Commander 16 th Air Force C. I. Rudenko remembers it this way: "I have witnessed many air battles, but such persistence, such rapidity of such courage in the fight before I had ever seen."
. On the first day of the battle distinguished airman 54-th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment Second Lieutenant in
. Polyakov. Link Yak-1 entered into battle with enemy fighters, bombers concealing the Xe-111. During the battle in. Polyakov attacked a pair of Me-109 and shot down one "Messer", continued convergence at the maximum speed with another enemy aircraft. But his fighter was set on fire. We Polyakova ripe lightning solution: to ram a burning fighter bomber enemy. Dived on Xe-111, hit the right propeller plane and he hit the tail of the bomber, left a damaged fighter and landed by parachute in the area of its troops. The attack was so sudden, bold and shocking that none of the five crew members Hye-111 did not have time to use a parachute. Bomber with power, falling vertically, crashed into the ground.
Feat Vitaly Poliakov seen hundreds of our soldiers and commanders of the land, proud of self-sacrifice and courage of the pilot. Commander 16 th Air Force SI. Rudenko and the commander of the Central Front, KK. Rokossovsky presented a brave pilot to the highest award. September 2, 1943 decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Guard lieutenant VK. Polyakov Hero of the Soviet Union.
Biography provided by AE Melnikov
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