(28. 1. 1899 - 11. 3. 1944)
E FIM G. Pushkin, colonel, commander of the 8-Panzer. Born January 28, 1899 in a. Kruttse Rtischevskogo district of Saratov region. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1920. In the Red Army, he served from 1918 to 1944. In 1918 - 1920 years of fighting in the Civil War, in 1923 - 1925 years took part in the defeat Bassmachis in Turkestan ordinary cavalryman, section leader, platoon and squad saber. Since 1934, after completion of the courses to improve command personnel in Leningrad, he served in the armored forces.
The Great Patriotic War found EG. Pushkin as commander of the tank division. In the subsequent fighting in the South, South-West, Stalingrad and 3 of the First Ukrainian Front, commanded the armored corps, armored and mechanized forces of the Front. Participated in the defense of Berdichev, Uman, Battle of Stalingrad, the liberation of Donbass and the Right-Bank Ukraine. For military distinction was awarded the Order of the Red Banner (1942), Suvorova 2 nd degree (1943), Kutuzov 2 nd degree (1944) and other orders and medals.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Efim Grigorievich Pushkin awarded Nov. 9, 1941 for his leadership and heroism of the division in the defense of Mr.
EG Pushkin was killed in battle near Nikolaev March 11, 1944. At that time, he commanded 23 Panzer Corps, had the rank of Lieutenant-General. Buried in Dnepropetrovsk, in the tomb monument-tank. In the name of the hero in the city on the Dnieper River named one of the streets.
With reflections on the direction of Dnepropetrovsk unfolded in the second half of August 1941. The city exploded armor fascist General Kleist. The enemy had the nearest to eliminate the bridgehead on the right bank of the Dnieper, held the troops of the Southern Front. Within seven days on the outskirts of Dnepropetrovsk seething fighting, during which Colonel Pushkin showed the high quality of the commander-captain. While all the time on the battlefield, under constant enemy fire, continually risking his life, he promptly took the necessary decisions firmly and consistently implement them. And when the situation became particularly difficult, Pushkin personally led the battle units and their courage, coolness and military skills inspired his subordinates to defeat the enemy. For example, it was August 21, 1941 under Dneprodzerzhinsk. Opponent supported by bomber aircraft went on the attack. More than 70 tanks with the infantry assault force moved to the positions held by Soviet tank crews. The Germans were confident of an easy victory, but miscalculated. Causing great damage to the Nazis with fire place, our soldiers, led by Alexander Pushkin launched a decisive counter-attack and defeat the enemy. On this day the Germans retreated to 6 kilometers.
Defeated by Dneprodzerzhinsk, the enemy moved its main efforts in the area Krinichki. Thrown in fresh forces, the Germans shot down our weak infantry screens, took Karnauhovskie Farms and go out on a highway Krivoy Rog, were closer to Dnepropetrovsk. It seemed that the Nazis are about to enter the city. But at this moment they were attacked flank attack divisions Pushkin. Raged fierce battle. Fighting was going on with varying success. He decided the outcome of a battalion of heavy tanks KV, who was in reserve division commander. Having arranged to signal a general attack, Pushkin himself led him into battle. The Nazis did not stand the shock of the Soviet tank and by the end of the day fell back across the river dry Sura, losing an important position on the heights of its coastal. In this battle, tankers Colonel Pushkin completely destroyed the enemy tank regiment, seized documents staff and prisoners.
. In the battles of Dnepropetrovsk, which lasted from 19 to 25 August, Colonel Pushkin destroyed 80 enemy tanks and many other military equipment and manpower
. Stubborn defense tankers provided the springboard for our troops planned withdrawal of the Dnieper and the occupation of Defense on the left bank of the River.
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968