(14. 11. 1918)
A LEXANDER V. Raikunov, a senior lieutenant, company commander submachine 393rd separate Novorossiysk Marine battalions, was born November 14, 1918 in a. Kievka Novouzensk district of Saratov region. Russian. He graduated from primary school, place of birth, high school in Volgograd. He worked as a turner at the tractor factory, while studying part-time Mechanical Institute. In 1938 he voluntarily went to the Navy and served nearly three years, miners and commander of the office boom of the Party in Batumi.
. During the Great Patriotic War, fought in the Marines of the Black Sea Fleet in the South, . North-Caucasian and 3 of the First Ukrainian Front, . occupying the post of assistant to the commander and commander of the reconnaissance platoon, . the company commander, intelligence and company commander submachine,
. Participated in the defense of Odessa, . Crimea, . North Caucasus, . in the landing on Myskhako in February 1943 and Defense "Small Earth", . in landing operations for the release of Novorossiysk, . Kerch, . Sevastopol, . Romanian port of Constanta and the Bulgarian naval bases Varna and Burgas,
. He had six injuries and one concussion. For military distinction awarded two Orders of Red Banner (1942, 1943), Order of the Patriotic War, 1 st degree (1944), Red Star (1942), medals. "Service in Battle" (1942), "In Defense of Odessa", "For the Defense of the Caucasus", "For Victory over Germany in World War II 1941 - 1945." and three other medals.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Alexander Vasilyevich Raykunovu awarded on Sept. 18, 1943 for the courage and heroism, . shown in a landing operation to liberate the city of Novorossiysk.,
. Fter the war Lieutenant-Commander AV
. Raikunov on health grounds was dismissed from the Navy in stock. Lived and worked in Mr.. Volgograd.
In September 1943, troops of the North-Caucasian Front, together with the Black Sea Fleet launched offensive operations in order to cleanse from the Nazis of the Taman Peninsula. From the first days of the onset of fierce fighting took place for Mr. Novorossiysk, which was considered a key defense of the Kuban bridgehead enemy. The city was heavily fortified with both land and sea. The approaches to the city were covered aprons pillboxes, an extensive network of trenches, thick multi-row minefields and barbed wire. Log in Novorossiysk Bay was closed-bono network of barriers, piers port had been mined. On landing, one coming from the sea, the enemy could concentrate simultaneously fire 100 guns. Yet September 10 landing in the port of Novorossiysk was planted.
In the first echelon of the assault was the 393rd separate battalion of marines of the Black Sea Fleet, which served Raikunov. His company submachine under heavy enemy fire landed on mined and belted a ring of fire points Berths. After overcoming fierce resistance of the enemy, . Two exploding bunker, . tommy burst the embankment, . occupied the building of the railway station elevator yes, . finding himself in the center of the city, . in the rear of the enemy's defenses against the Nazi leadership sent all the sailors on their reserves,
. The enemy has made persistent attempts to destroy the landing force, to restore the lost positions, to eliminate the danger hanging from the rear. The fighting took a bitter, bloody nature.
Twenty-eight counterattacks repulsed tommy Raykunova. Without food, without water, burning in a dilapidated building elevator for more than six days, they fought the numerically superior enemy. When 12 enemy tanks came to grief, but still held by the sailors building elevator, Soviet soldiers met them with anti-tank grenades, and then call the fire of our guns on themselves.
. Roth Raykunova did not retreat a single step
. In the following days, along with approaching reinforcements tommy took an active part in the purification of Novorossiysk on the invaders.
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968