(24. 5. 1896 - 4. 2. 1967)
By apri Vasilyevich Sviridov, Lieutenant-General of Armored Forces, the commander of the 2 nd Guards Mechanized Nikolaevsk-Budapest Red Order of Suvorov Corps, was born May 24, 1896 in a
. Chiganake Rtischevskogo district of Saratov region. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1920. In August 1915, was drafted into the imperial army. He fought in the First World War dandy.
During the October Revolution, was elected commander of the machine-gun company. In the first part of the Red Guard took part in battles against German troops at Pskov and Petrograd. In the subsequent fighting in the Red Army in the Southern and Eastern Front, commanding the department, a platoon and a company. In 1920 - 1923 he studied at the Joint Military School named the All. Repeatedly stood on the positions N 26 and 27, guarding the office and apartment VI. Lenin. Since 1923, he served in Saratov, 94 th Infantry Regiment named M.V. Frunze, occupying the post of commander of the platoon, machine-gun company, the head of the regimental school. Elected deputy of Saratov City Council of Workers, Peasants and Red Army Deputies. Then he served in Syzran, Perm, Kuibyshev, Ulyanovsk. In May 1941 he graduated from refresher courses nachsostava at the Military Academy named M.V. Frunze.
Since the beginning of World War II victory over Germany fought on the Western, Kalinin, North West, Stalingrad, Southern, 4, 3 and 2 of the First Ukrainian Front, commanded divisions and corps. He took part in defensive battles near Orsha, Smolensk, Rzhev, Kalinin, the Soviet counterattack near Moscow, the Battle of Stalingrad, the liberation of Ukraine, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, defeating the enemy on the territory of Austria. For military distinction and impeccable service in the Soviet Army was awarded the Order of Lenin (1944), . three orders of the Red Banner (1942, . 1945, . 1949), . Order of Kutuzov 1-st degree (1944), . Suvorova 2 nd degree (1943), . medal "For Defense of Moscow", . "For the Defense of Stalingrad, . "For the capture of Budapest", . "For the capture of Vienna", . "For the liberation of Prague" and four other medals, . well as the Hungarian Order of Red Star.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Karp Vasilyevich Sviridov awarded April 28, 1945, for the able command of the hull in the capture of Budapest and Vienna and for displaying courage and bravery.
. On the Victory Parade in June 1945 in Moscow, General Sviridov conducted on Red Square, the combined 2-tank battalion of the First Ukrainian Front
. In 1947 he graduated from the higher academic courses at the Military Academy of the General Staff.
In 1955, KV. Sviridov for health reasons was forced to resign. Died Feb. 4, 1967 in g. Kiev.
November 1, 1944 Corps of General Sviridov was put into battle. By defeating the enemy's defenses between the Tisza and the Danube, the guards on the second day reached the outskirts of Budapest. In a subsequent case crossed the Danube, . a powerful blow from the area of Lake Velence in the direction of Esztergom cut the enemy's defenses and, together with other compounds surrounded Budapest 188 thousandth enemy group, . During 53 days in a difficult situation, General Sviridov, . led street fighting in the western part of Budapest,
. February 13, 1945 Hungary's capital was cleared of the Nazis.
March 17 Corps Sviridov struck from the area CSAKVARI in the direction of GyцTr, and then crossed to the left bank of the Danube and made a brilliant round of Vienna from the north. April 13 the capital of Austria was cleared from the occupants.
Without any respite, the general led his guards in Prague. In pursuit of the enemy, the warriors of the shell with the Czechoslovak partisans of the detachment of "Death to fascism" held at the village е liwice under Pribram last battle with the Nazis. In this battle killed 46 Soviet soldiers and as many guerrillas. Now here is a high tombstone with the inscription: "At this point, at 12 am May 12, 1945 impacted the last rounds of the Second World War.
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968