(19. 6. 1907 - 18. 8. 1971)
H ikolay A. Sdobnov, captain, commander of the squadron of the 48 th Aviation Regiment blizhnebombardirovochnogo. Born June 19, 1907 in g. Saratov. Russian. In 1922 he graduated from the Unified Labor School, in 1939 an external passed secondary school examinations. Until 1928 worked as a repair workers on the railway and machinist drilling machines in the mines of the Donbass. In 1929 he was drafted into the Red Army. In 1931 he graduated from the first military pilot school in 1936 - commander of the department Borisoglebskaya Pilot School. He participated in operations in western Ukraine in September 1939 and in the Russo-Finnish War 1939 - 1940.
. During the Great Patriotic War, fought in the South-West, . North-West and 3-Byelorussian fronts, . occupying the post of commander of the squadron, . deputy commander of the regiment and division, . He took part in defensive fighting near Kiev, . Leningrad, . Moscow, . release Belarus, . Baltic, . defeating the enemy on the territory of East Prussia,
. Wounded and shell-shocked in 1941. For military distinctions awarded the Order of the Red Banner (1940), Alexander Nevsky (1945), World War 2 nd degree (1944), Red Star (1944), medal "For Defense of Kiev", "For the capture of KцTnigsberg" and three other medals.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Nikolai Andreevich Sdobnov awarded on Aug. 2, 1941 for the two aerial combat, . during which he showed courage and bravery, . his crew shot down 5 enemy planes.,
. In 1946, H
. A. Sdobnov for health reasons left in reserve as a lieutenant colonel. He lived in Kharkov, in 1965, was awarded the title of Honored Inventor of Ukraine. Died Aug. 18, 1971
June 25, 1941 Captain Squadron Sdobnova flew on a mission.
Mobile columns of the enemy approached Mr.. Brody. Sdobnov lay down on the combat course and dropped a bomb on the head car. His example was followed by the remaining crew. Several cars broke out, the Nazis began to disperse around. Sdobnov made a second run and dropped on the heads of fascists another series of bombs. At this time the west came a large group of German fighters. Sdobnov led the squadron in the third, final attack. "Messer" flocks attacked the Soviet bombers. Car Sdobnova attacked simultaneously three vulture. One of them came from the tail. Shooter-Fisherman radioman sent a long and accurate turn. Fascist pilot was killed, and Messer, broke into a disorderly fall. A second enemy fighters waged, the struggle navigator Captain Chugunov. From his well-aimed bursts "Messerschmitt-109, caught fire and shrouded in black smoke, briskly walked to the decrease in the direction of its troops. The pilots saw, as he soon exploded in the thicket. Third fascist fighter stopped the attack and went to the west. But at the last minute he managed to set fire to the car Sdobnova. The plane burst into flames. Now the life of the crew depended on the skill of the pilot, from the fact whether he could extinguish the fire, which decide.
Sharp dive Sdobnov tried to knock down the flames, but he failed. Then the pilot, straining his last strength, and set on fire the car right on the belly, four kilometers of the front line. The pilots jumped from the burning plane, which exploded a few seconds. Hitch crew reached his aerodrome.
July 6, 1941 Sdobnov flew on bombing enemy troops in the region r. Polonnoe Khmelnitsky region. When approaching the goal of the left engine was pierced by a shell splinter and burst into flames. The pilot had not gone to battle the course and dropped bombs on target. At podranennuyu car was attacked by 4 enemy fighters. In this unequal contest crew destroyed three "Messer". Fourth vulture ignited the second motor. Sdobnov masterfully planted riddled with bullets and shrapnel burning bomber in the rye field. During the landing the captain received a concussion and injured his left thigh.
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968