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SUROSHNIKOV Michael Matveevich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography SUROSHNIKOV Michael Matveevich
photo SUROSHNIKOV Michael Matveevich
(21. 8. 1915)

M ihail Matveyevich Suroshnikov, Guard lieutenant, commander of the battery 57-millimeter guns of the 3rd Battalion, 6 th Guards Mechanized Volnovaskyi Red Banner Order of Suvorov Brigade. Born August 21, 1915 in a. Novo Aleksandrovka Samoilovsky District, Saratov Region. Russian. Graduated from the 6 classes of junior high school in. Danilkin. In 1931 - 1933 he worked postman and postmistress. In the Soviet Army was in 1937 - 1945 respectively.

. During the Great Patriotic War - from February 1942 to December 1944 - fought in the North-West, . 4, . 3 and 2 Ukrainian Front, . occupying the post of deputy political instructor, . deputy commander of the battalion of engineers on the political part of, . battery commander,
. Participated in the battles in the area of Staraya Russa, in the liberation of Ukraine, Romania and Hungary. During the war years in an abbreviated program graduated from the military-political course (1943) and the School of Artillery (1944). Wounded March 23, 1944 in Right Bank Ukraine, and December 9, 1944 in the battles near Budapest. For military distinctions awarded the Order of the Red Star (1944), medals "For the Capture of Budapest", "For Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945." and two other medals.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Michael Matveyevich Suroshnikovu awarded April 28, 1945 for bravery and courage, . displayed in the battles for the retention of the bridgehead on the right bank of the Danube River.,

. D of the September 1945 MM
. Suroshnikov treated in hospital. After receiving disability, was discharged from the Soviet Army. Lived in Belarus in g. Borisov, Minsk region, worked at a pasta factory, named after VI. Lenin.

E it was in December 1944. Our troops, after heavy fighting south-west of Budapest, crossed the Danube and occupied the bridgehead on the western bank. In the composition of these troops was the battery and 57-millimeter guns, which commanded Suroshnikov. Further movement of Soviet units were stopped at pre-arranged lines of "Margarita". Attempts to break through this line failed, and our troops had achieved a foothold on the frontier.

At dawn on December 9, 1944 the enemy went on the offensive. On the narrow section of the front in the r. Sandor he threw into the battle 28 tanks, 8 armored vehicles and two battalions of infantry, having to throw our troops on the left bank of the Danube. The defending infantry here on the orders of commanders withdrew from their positions, and was moving to a new line. Gunners were alone against overwhelming enemy forces. Suroshnikov decided to take the fight to delay the enemy, to enable our infantry to occupy new positions.

Enemy tanks were moving forward, not noticing the great camouflaged gun guards. When the leading car came to a radiator at 400 meters, the team Suroshnikova was given the first salvo. Two tanks puffed and stopped. From these shots light up another. The remaining tanks stopped and opened fire on the battery.

Soon direct hit from enemy shell had smashed the fourth gun. Break the link with the headquarters, there was no connection with neighbors. One after another went down guards. Injured Suroshnikov. Survivors gunners, including the wounded, continued to struggle with the enemy were pressing.

Three hours later, fight all the guns were smashed by enemy fire. Second, this time heavy, wounded Suroshnikov. Bleeding, he continued to fight.

The Nazis went to the seventh attack. Four of the survivors wounded guardsmen met Hitler grenades and automatic fire. But the forces were clearly unequal, and the enemies were ready to celebrate a victory.

At this point, to help the heroic battery came reinforcements. The enemy was driven back to its original position.

. Will not retreat a single step, Suroshnikova Guardsmen killed in this battle, 6 tanks, 2 armored personnel carriers and more than 100 Nazis.


. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968


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