(26. 1. 1899 - 5. 4. 1974)
In asil Prokofievich Trushin, Major General, commander of the 13th Naval Infantry Brigade of the Pacific Fleet. Born January 26, 1899 in a. Vladykino Rtischevskogo district of Saratov region. Russian From May 1919 to December 1956 he served in the Soviet Army. He graduated from the Tashkent infantry school, Higher tactical shooting courses and Higher courses at the Academy of General Staff. In 1923 he took part in battles against the Bassmachis in Central Asia, in 1929, fought with the Chinese on the CEL, and in 1945 fought in the Far East against Japan. For military decorations and Services to the Motherland was awarded the Order of Lenin (1944), three orders of the Red Banner (1945, 1949, 1954), the Order of the Red Star (1936), the Korean Order of the liberation of Korea, 1 st degree and five medals.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Basil Prokofievich Trushin awarded on Sept. 14, 1945 for his leadership of amphibious forces during the liberation of the Korean city and port Seishin (Chongjin) and shown bravery and courage.,
. After the war he continued service in the army
. БT Since 1955, Major-General Trushin VP. in stock. Lived in Moscow. Died April 5, 1974. He was buried in Moscow, Khimki cemetery.
With eysin a naval base of the Japanese fleet in North Korea, a major industrial center and rail junction Japanese command has turned it into the heavily fortified area
. At deeply protruding into the sea promontories Kolokoltseva and Yugatso were installed powerful shore batteries, which were kept under fire not only approaches to the port, but the city itself. Here stood searchlight installation and radar. Seishin were built around two lines of defense, consisting of trenches, bunkers and 180 bunkers connected by underground passages message. All seats are suitable for landing from the sea, and the likely approaches to the control points have been covered by multi-row minefields and barbed wire. The stone buildings have been adapted to defense. City and port defended garrison of 4 thousand Japanese soldiers and officers. On the ground under Seishin located several dozen enemy planes, always ready to cover the city from the air. Garrison could help as the enemy squadron, which was in the Sea of Japan.
Japanese believed Seishin impregnable fortress. This fortress was ordered to storm the Marine Brigade General Trushin.
Many days and nights spent on the general plan of the forthcoming landing operation. He studied the terrain in the landing area, the system of the Japanese fortifications, defined concept of operations, methods of its implementation, conducted in the field exercises with units carefully perfecting every detail of the battle.
. On the morning of Aug. 13 on the plan developed Trushin torpedo boats broke into seysinskuyu bay and landed a reconnaissance detachment Lieutenant VN
. Leonov. Small in size Troopers (181 people), conquered the port. But soon the Japanese have recovered from the unexpected blow, and opened fire on the paratroopers from all types of weapons, went to the counter. Using a twenty-fold superiority in numbers, the Japanese pushed the landing in the mountains, surrounded by his. However, bleeding profusely, the sailors continued to fight.
The morning of 14 August, General Trushin sent the first echelon - 355 th battalion of marines under the command of Major M. P. Barabolko. The battalion cleared the port of the enemy, seized a bridgehead and joined with a detachment Leonova.
A day in Seishin landed the main landing forces led by Trushin. General, being aware of the situation, the move led the sailors in the attack. One and a half days was a bloody battle with the enemy. The Japanese were thrown into the battle more and more reinforcements, but they quickly melted under the fire of seafarers. Where created a particularly difficult situation, there was Trushin. With its clear instructions, courage, personal involvement in the attacks he inspired men to defeat the enemy.
In the middle of the day on August 16 Seishin was completely liberated from the Japanese invaders. And five days later - August 21 - Trushin with their brave Marines forced to surrender 9 thousandth enemy garrison in g. Wonsan (Wonsan).
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968