(23. 2. 1914)
F ROAR Ivan Evgrafovich pilot test. Born 10 (23) February 1914 in the city of Kharkov (Ukraine). Childhood and adolescence spent in the city of Lugansk (Ukraine). In 1929 he graduated from the Lugansk School Osoaviahima, flew gliders. Worked as a tool-maker, an assistant engineer and locomotive engineer on the locomotive plant. In 1930 he graduated from the evening Rabfak at Donetsk Institute of Education, in 1931 БT FZU school, in 1932 БT 1 course Lugansk Pedagogical Institute.
In the Soviet Army from 1932. In 1932 he graduated from Lugansk Air Force Pilot School. He served in line units the Air Force pilot and commander of the youngest managers in Zhytomyr (Ukraine).
From May 1937 to January 1938 participated in the fighting in Spain. On the plane I-16 shot down several enemy aircraft.
After returning from Spain was the commander of a separate unit, an assistant commander and commander of the Fighter Regiment in Zhitomir. In 1939 he graduated from the Lipetsk aviation higher postgraduate courses. He continued his service as commander of Fighter Regiment in the Great Luki (Pskov region).
Since the summer of 1940 pilot ispytatelaviazavoda БT Б•¬ 21 (g.Gorky) experienced serial I-16 fighters. Since November 1940 was on a business trip in China. At this time, with the help of Soviet specialists in the city of Urumqi was built aircraft factory Б•¬ 600, but which were built I-16 fighters. The chief of flight-testing station of the aircraft factory was appointed IE Fedorov. In May 1941, after the crash test pilot SN Viktorov, he was removed from his post and stayed to work at a private factory test pilot. From February 1942, Ivan Evgrafovich returned to the aircraft factory Б•¬ 21 (g.Gorky), where experienced fighter serial LaGG-3. In July 1942, surpassing LaGG-3 on the front, willfully remained on the Kalinin Front.
. In Private World War II: in July-September 1942 БT senior inspector for the Office of Technology piloting the 3rd Air Army, . group commander penalty box (Kalinin Front) in September-December 1942 БT Commander 157 th Fighter Regiment (Kalinin Front),
. In 1943 he graduated from the courses commanding structure. In January-April 1943 БT Commander 256-yistrebitelnoy Air Division (Kalinin Front). In April 1943-June 1944 БT commander of the 273rd Fighter Aviation Division (Central and Belorussian Front), with June 1944 БT deputy commander of the 269 th Fighter Aviation Division (3rd Baltic and 2 Belorussian Front).
. During the war, flew about 120 sorties, conducted about 20 air battles, which shot down 17 enemy planes.
. Since September 1945 БT test pilot OKB Lavochkin
. Among the first began to experience domestic fighter jets. Tested the aircraft La-150 (1946-1947), La-150M (1947), La-150F (1947), La-154 (1947), La-156 (1947), La-174TK (1948). In 1947, lifted into the sky and tested the first Soviet aircraft with swept wings of La-160. In 1948, while testing the aircraft La-168 was the first in the country reached a speed of 1000 km / h. In 1948, lifted into the sky and tested a jet fighter La-15. In December 1948 during a test aircraft La-176 was among the first in the country reached the speed of sound in flight with a reduction.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Ivan Fyodorov Evgrafovich conferred by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on March 5, 1948 for their courage and heroism, . shown during testing of new aviation technology.,
. In 1949-1950 - Test Pilot OKB-1, located in Dubna, Moscow Region
. In 1949, lifted into the sky and tested a prototype of the German engineers' 140-R. In 1950-1954 БT Test Pilot Research Institute for aircraft equipment. Participated vispytaniyah various aircraft equipment on the Yak-3, Yak-7B, Yak-9B, TU-2, IL-12, IL-28.
Since 1954 БT in stock. Until 1974 worked as head of the department in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR. Lives in Moscow.
A etchik Test Class 1. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, 4 Order of the Red Banner, Order of Alexander Nevsky, 4 Order of the Patriotic War, 1-st degree, Order of the Patriotic War, 2 nd degree, Red Star and medals, and foreign awards.
Biography provided by A. Simonov