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Filka Vasily Petrovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Filka Vasily Petrovich
photo Filka Vasily Petrovich
(10. 8. 1913 - 14. 4. 1943)

In asil P. Filkov, sergeant, commander of the guerrilla unit for the 25 years of Soviet Ukraine. Born August 10, 1913 in a. Slastuhe Ekaterinovskaya district of Saratov region. Russian. Primary Education. After his father's death in 1929 - 1933 years, worked as a blacksmith in Saratov, then the driver in the Ivanovo region in 1938 - 1941 years - a radio operator on duty at the Uzbek g. Urgench. In 1936 - 1937 he served in the Red Army.

In the first months of the Great Patriotic War, fought in the 18 th Cavalry Division in the Western and Kalinin fronts. April 5, 1942 in the g. Vyazma captured. In August of that year fled from camps near Warsaw. Secretly reached Ukraine. Hungry and exhausted, he was found in the woods and sheltered Rzhechakov Czech family, who lived at that time in Zhytomyr, and then has transported to the partisans. On September 12, 1942 until the day of death - April 14, 1943 - VP. Filkov fought with the Nazis in the Zhytomyr partisan connections behalf N.A. Shchorsa, occupying the post of ordinary partisan, then sabotage platoon commander and the guerrilla unit.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Vasily Petrovich Filkovu conferred posthumously on Jan. 4, 1944 for bravery and courage, . manifested in the destruction of the railway bridge over the river flint and special achievements in the development of the partisan movement in Ukraine.,

.

In esnoy in 1943 increased the movement of German trains on the line Sarni - Kiev
. The enemy threw fresh reserves, new equipment and ammunition in the Kursk. Daily through the small station Si was held to 20 military trains. To disrupt the enemy's rail transportation, the guerrilla commanders Zhitomir compound behalf N.A. Shchorsa decided to blow up a railway bridge over the River Si. To perform the job was formed consolidated partisan detachment under the command of the detachment commander for the 25 th anniversary of the Soviet Ukraine VP. Filkova.

One day before the operation Filkov concentrated detachment in the forest near the village of Rudnya Perebrody and specifying actions of groups on the night of April 14, assumed a combat mission.

The battle began at 4 hours 45 minutes. The enemy was taken aback. With the guerrillas under the command of I.I. Kostruba of 40 people with 5 light machine guns seized station Si, located at 600 - 700 meters from the bridge, closing it securely from Lugini. The second group headed by KA. Arefiev of 35 guerrillas and two machine guns blocked the building of the school in. Putilovichi, a mile from the bridge, where there was a garrison of 200 men with 20 guns. The third group, led by the. G. Semeryako, the task is not completed - was unable to block the guard house, located 400 meters from the railway bridge. Hence, the Nazis began to crawl their way to the bridge, opened fire with machine guns. This threatened the collapse of the entire operation. Filkov threw his reserve to meet the enemy, headed by V.R. Grinyov. Resolute action platoon Grin could drop from the bridge here infiltrated the Nazis.

In Skaare Filkov mastered the bridge, and mine experts, headed by F.P. Medvedev began to lay the explosives. At this time the enemy broke through to a height of 201.9 and opened heavy machine gun fire mineralogical. Noticing the new danger, Filkov with a group of gunners moved toward the enemy and attacking from the railway line was opened by the Nazis machine-gun fire from destroying. Nazis lay. At this time, one after the other three blasts rang out: one powerful, who heard all the inhabitants of surrounding villages, and two weaker. The operation was completed. The guerrillas blew up a railway bridge and two road on the highway Korosten - Belokorovichi. Station Si has been disabled. Railway station Sarni - Kiev did not work for 15 days.

In the battle at the bridge was killed VP. Filkov. The guerrillas buried him in the woods, and in 1944 the remains of the hero was moved to. Lugini. On the grave a monument.


---
Sources:
1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968


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