(28. 9. 1924 - 18. 2. 1952)
A LEXANDER P. Yuneva, Guard soldier, commander of the machine-gun rate of 2-Guards Airborne Regiment small Ploeshtinskogo 3rd Guards Airborne Division of the Red Banner Uman
. Born September 28, 1924 in a. Demoiselle Fedorovsky district of Saratov region. Russian. He graduated from junior high school.
From August 1942 until the victory over Germany in World War II fought on the Western, Southwestern, Voronezh, 1, 2 and 3 of the First Ukrainian Front. Participated in the battles of Stalingrad and Kursk, the liberation of Ukraine, Moldova, Romania and Hungary. Seriously wounded five times: December 12, 1942, August 6, 1943, January 17, 1944, 30 January and 13 March 1945. For military distinction was awarded the Order of the Red Star (1944) and two medals.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Aleksandr Petrovich Yuneva awarded June 29, 1945 for bravery and courage, . shown in repelling the enemy's counteroffensive in the area of Lake Balaton (Hungary).,
. In the postwar years A.P
. Yuneva graduated from the tank school, but received in battle injuries undermined the health of the hero. In illness, he was dismissed from the Soviet Army at the rank of lieutenant. Died Feb. 18, 1952.
March 6, 1945 German High Command launched a counteroffensive in the area of Lake Balaton. This was the last, unsuccessful attempt to stop the enemy advance of Soviet troops in the South-Eastern Europe, postponing its inevitable collapse. The troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front bled the advancing enemy, and then broke it and completely liberated Hungary from the Nazis. During the fierce defensive battles heroic deeds carried thousands of Soviet soldiers, including machine guns and Alexander Yuneva.
The regiment, which fought Yuneva, on the night of March 7 took up defensive positions in the area with. Sheregeyesh on the direction of the main enemy attack. After a ten-minute artillery fire attack, two battalions of enemy infantry, supported by seven tanks moved to the position of company. In their way stood a machine gun Yuneva - the most experienced machine gunner in the regiment, with which no one could match the speed and accuracy of fire. During the test firing training, which shortly before the fighting carried the regimental commander, Yuneva took the first place.
When the Nazis were up to no more than 300 meters, gun Yuneva said long queues. In the eyes of the fighters melted fascist chain. The Nazis tried to hide behind the tanks, but they did not succeed, and soon they were forced to pull over to the land. Meanwhile, our gunners knocked out several tanks, the rest was left without infantry, turned back, and behind them ran and infantry. Leaving the battlefield, about 70 dead and three burning tanks, the enemy retreated.
In the days that followed Hitler's command input in the battles fresh tank divisions tried to solve the problem in their favor. South of Lake Velence simultaneously operated up to 500 tanks and assault guns of the enemy, including the "tigers" and "King Tiger". The battle did not cease night or day. In fascist grouping continuous blows inflicted by our artillery and tanks, combined arms and aviation. Despite the enormous stress and fatigue, the Soviet war, showed the iron durability and unparalleled courage.
. March 10 at the site, where with his company defended Yuneva, the enemy has taken over the fourth day of the attack by five infantry companies of tanks
. Many times greater than the enemy was able to approach combat order company, enter the "dead", not machine-gun, space. A minute later the enemy could not break into a ditch and crush the thinning in the battle company. At this critical moment Yuneva rolled out a gun from the bunker on the outdoor and point-blank hit the attacking Germans. The Germans fled in panic, leaving the front gunner's position of 83 of its brave corpse.
After suffering huge losses, 13 March the enemy in an area with. Sheregeyesha attacks ceased. The reflection of the last of them Yuneva was injured.
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968