DIKEARH (Dikaiarchos)( Greek philosopher)
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Biography DIKEARH (Dikaiarchos)
Dikearh, Dikaiarchos, from Mass in Sicily, genus. up to 340 g. BC. e., Greek philosopher. Student of Aristotle and Theophrastus, Peripatetic. Long resided in the Peloponnese, has made scientific trips to other parts of Greece. Unusually prolific writer, scholar, author of works from the fields of geography, history, culture and literature, politics. The most important are: The Life of Greece (Bios Hellados) in 3 books, the history of Greek culture from the legendary Golden Age to the life of the author, and work on the geography of the Earth Description (Periodos ges), where D. among other things argued globosity Earth. Unlike Aristotle and Theophrastus D. was committed to practical life, as reflected in his research, leading, for example, data on the height of mountains
. In his work On the soul (Peri psyches) denied the existence of an immortal soul, . and in the ternary principle (Tripolitikos) argued with Plato on the three types of government, . Recognizing the best mixed system, . built of monarchy, . democracy and aristocracy,
. In a work visit to the grotto Trophonius he was involved in probably the art of prediction. In his Lives (Bioi), he not only described the lives of remarkable people, but their example that demonstrates the various possible ways of life, along with his contemporary Aristoksenom was considered the creator of literary biography. In his writings, which, according to ancient descriptions distinguish brightness and richness of vocabulary, frequently used dialogue. D. had a great influence on Eratosthenes, Polybius, Panatiya, Plutarch, Cicero. From his vast legacy preserved only in fragments.