Sinop Diogenes (Diogenes)( Greek philosopher)
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Biography Sinop Diogenes (Diogenes)
Diogenes of Sinope; Diogenes, mind. in 328-323 years. BC. e., Greek philosopher. The son of a banker Gikesiya. In Athens, listening Antisthenes. Died in Corinth. According to legend, he committed suicide by deliberately holding his breath. Attributed to him in ancient works (dialogues and tragedy), were probably not true. D. taught that the greatest good is a virtue, and everything else indifferent. Virtue is achieved through reason, but above all - work (ponos) and exercise (askesis). Ideal D. Heracles was. The possession of virtue leads to self-sufficiency (autarkeia), gives the freedom and independence from the passions and from the outside world. Therefore D. slept in the tub, ate the simplest food, wore a dress in summer and winter, had no family and did not recognize social ties. Rejected all conventions, promoting a return to nature.
Shocked some of the actions of D. (public administration of the physiological and sexual needs) earned him the nickname "Dog" (kyon), which he accepted with pride and which gave the name of the Cynics and Cynicism. D. also called "mad Socrates". Surviving anecdotes about the D. can be divided into two groups: queries illustrate the paucity of D. and demonstrate the sharpness of his jokes. Legend is often said about the contacts D. Plato or his other contemporaries, but besides Theophrastus none of the writers of that era remembers about him. Students D. (mainly Cratia of Thebes) collected his sayings, but the majority of stories were composed, probably only in the II. n. e. when the Cynic philosophy has again become fashionable. At the same time created a collection of letters to 51 letters), falsely attributed to D.. Views D. influenced the Stoics through Kratie, who was a teacher of Zeno Kifeonskogo, founder of the Stoic school.