GALEN (Galenos)( Greek physician)
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Biography GALEN (Galenos)
Galen; Galenos, Latin. Galenus Claudius, from Pergamum, 129-199 gg. n. e., Greek physician. Son of mathematics and the architect Nicon, first studied mathematics and philosophy and then medicine in Alexandria. He worked as a doctor at the gladiators in Pergamum and Rome. In the end, shot to fame a good diagnostician. In 166 g., to avoid infection, went to Pergamum. Soon, however, Emperor Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus called him back, and appointed his personal physician. He died, apparently in Rome. - Along with the medical practice D. developed a lively literary activity.
He left us 2 the list of their own works. Maintained at approximately 150 works of Mr.. in the original, a few - in Arabic and Latin translations. In medicine G. also studied philosophy, . example in the writings of attraction to medicine (Protremptikos epi iatriken), . The fact, . that the best doctor is always a philosopher (Hoti ho aristos iatos kai philosophos), . Introduction to Logic (Eisagoge logike), . or in the numerous commentaries on the works of Plato, . Aristotle, . Theophrastus and others,
. (Fr.). Many philosophical and rhetorical works of Mr.. lost. In medicine, followed by Hippocrates, the identity and whose works, however, he understood very subjective. Preserve comments G. many works from the Corps of Hippocrates and a glossary of Explanations for Hippocrates, lined up in alphabetical order. G. emphasized the rational study of medicine and tried to make it an exact science. In the composition of medicine (Techne iatrike) he predpriyanl attempt to unite before the fragmented into specialty medicine. Separately, he outlined his views in his work on their own opinions (Peri ton heauto dokunton).
G. interested in almost all areas of medicine, least of all seemed to surgery and gynecology. Particularly fruitful, he worked as a physiologist and anatomist. Practicing the autopsy of animals and analyzing the data obtained, he gathered together and corrected the findings of its predecessors. Highlights of his works: The appointment of human body parts (Peri chreias ton en anthropu morion) in 7 books, . Practical Anatomy (Peri ton anatomikon encheireseon) in 15 books, . partially preserved in the original, . and partially in Arabic translation, . as well as the bones (Peri oston), . This reduction in muscle (Peri myon kineseos) and other,
. In the field of pathology G. relied on the Hippocratic doctrine 4 Humor (liquids). Some of the terms imposed by Mr.. in pathology, are used in modern medicine. Unusually large contribution of Mr.. in therapy, the foundations of which he outlined in the methods of treatment (Therapeutike methodos) in 14 books. Many in the works of Mr.. and theoretical speculation, and they (sometimes unrecognizable form) had a major impact on medicine of the Middle Ages. Despite the mistakes and shortcomings, G. was, without doubt, one of the most eminent physicians and not only in ancient times.