GIPPOKRAT (Hippokrates)( Greek physician)
Comments for GIPPOKRAT (Hippokrates)
Biography GIPPOKRAT (Hippokrates)
Hippocrates; Hippokrates, from Kos, ca. 460-OK. 370 years. BC. e., Greek physician. The most famous physician of antiquity, the representative kosskoy Medical School. According to reports, traveled. He died at Larissa in Thessaly. Under the name of Mr.. preserved many works (60 or more, depending on how we divide them) on the Ionian dialect, formed the so-called Hippocratic corpus (Corpus Hippocraticum). These works belong to different medical schools and were written at different times, especially in the V and IV in the first half of. BC. e., but also to meet and later (up to I in. n. e.). We can not be argued that any of them is the product of G.
The oldest owned kosskoy school, works in the Corps - Epidemic I, III (Epidemiai) and projections (Prognostikon), created approximately 410 g. BC. e. In Epidemic author presented the results of numerous observations of epidemic diseases, focusing on the impact of weather. For the first time in the history of medicine, he has made to the product description of 42 typical cases of. The projections, special attention is given to acute illnesses, a detailed analysis of their symptoms, among other things, a precise description of the person dying (so-called "Hippocratic face" - facies Hippocratica). Best-known books were, of course, created later Aphorisms (Aphorismoi) and Kosskie forecasts (Koakai prognoseis)
. Give as an example one of the most famous aphorisms in its Latin form: Vita brevis, . ars longa, . tempus praeceps, . experimentum periculosum, . iudicium difficile (Life is short, . Arts durable, . case fickle, . knowledge deceptively, . judgment - difficult),
. Medical ethics, relevant and for today's medicine, most fully reflected in the Hippocratic Oath (Horkos; IV in the text. BC. e.) and in the composition of the Law (Nomos), containing advice novice physicians. Other works from the collection relate to surgery, various medical procedures, gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics, physiology, anatomy, etc.. Despite the lack of precise information about the life of Mr.. and expressed in antiquity doubt the authorship of works attributed to him, he became (largely thanks to Galen) for the entire European medicine ideal "real doctor" and his name has become symbolic.