Justinian (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius)( East Roman Emperor)
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Biography Justinian (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius)
Justinian I, Flavius Petro Sabbath or Justinian I the Great; Flavius Petrus Sabbatius, 482-565 gg., East Roman Emperor from 527 g. From rural families. With the support of his uncle Justin, a high official under the emperor, and in 518-527 years. emperor, soon found himself in Constantinople, where he received a good education and has held official positions during his uncle, and after his death, he ascended to the throne. He personally managed the state, with the participation, but his wife Theodora (mind. 548) and distinguished advisors, civilian and military. Reared in the traditions of Roman culture, Yu. sought to restore the old empire to restore the luster and its political, religious and legal unity. For some time he managed to return the old Roman possessions in Italy, Africa, Spain and Asia Minor. In the field of religion SW. fought against the pagans: in 529 g. ordered the closure of the famous Platonic Academy in Athens - and defending Catholicism against the onslaught of other trends in Christianity (among others from Monophysites).
Domestic reforms SW. were aimed at improving the administrative system, financial recovery and streamlining the legal system, but they are not often met with resistance from the oppressed people. The legal system of the empire has long demanded fundamental reform, but all previous attempts were only half -. YU. set about it immediately after it came to the throne and, despite the war and internal difficulties it quickly completed. The emperor himself took important decisions, monitor progress on the editing of legislation allowing the doubts and disputes. Direct management reform be pursued vigorously and talented minister Tribonian. Work on the main body of legislative texts in the three parts was completed in 528-534 years. (cm. Body of Civil Law), in the year 533 to it was added a new program of training in law schools. Thereafter until the end of life S. complete its work. Streamlining the legal system, as well as the synthesis of the legal heritage of ancient Rome was primarily the result of the reign of Yu