CRITICAL (Kritias)( Greek politician, writer and poet)
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Biography CRITICAL (Kritias)
Critias; Kritias, from Athens, ca. 460-403 years. BC. e., Greek politician, writer and poet. Son Kallihra, a cousin of the mother of Plato, descended from the ancient Attic sort. Pupil of Socrates and, possibly, Gorgias, and later a politician prospartanskoy orientation, an enemy of democracy. In 415 g. was convicted at the trial germokopidov (ie people, ravaged the statue of Hermes). Exiled in 407 or 406, went to Thessaly. After the defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War (404) was one of five senior government officials (Efor), then leader of the extremist wing of the so-called mode 'thirty tyrants'.
Supporter of bloody terror, he caused the death of the representative of the moderate Teramo. Killed by Munihiey in combat units Democrat Trazibula (403 g.). - The prose works (not preserved) K. discussed the device Thessaly, Sparta, and, perhaps, and Athens. He also wrote the Aphorisms, the least in 2 books, Conversations (Homiliai) in 4 books, Introduction to political speeches (Demegorika prooimia) and other works. K. was also the author gekzametricheskih and elegiac works, among them odes in honor of Anacreon, and Alcibiades, and 3 tragedies: Tenn., Rhadamanthus and Perito, who together with a satirical drama Sisyphus were tetralogy.
Drama K. Some attributed Euripides. In the 42-verse passage of Sisyphus concluded the story of the birth of culture and religion. In the religious concept to. we find elements of the theories of Democritus and Prodicus. By Innovation. was the recognition of God's ideas of political fiction, which facilitates the masters of managing people. K. shared the views of some of the Sophists who believed that society should recognize the right of the strongest. By Name. we find in Plato's dialogues Harmid, Protagoras, Timaeus, Critias, but some admit that in Timaeus and Critias it comes to his grandfather to. Creativity For. met with warm welcome from representatives of the second sophistry (cm. Sophists 2.).