Titus Lucretius Carus (Titus Lucretius Carus)( Roman philosopher and poet)
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Biography Titus Lucretius Carus (Titus Lucretius Carus)
Lucretius, Titus Lucretius Carus; Titus Lucretius Carus, c.. 97-55 years. BC. e., a Roman philosopher and poet. On the origin of life and L. little is known, and left by ancient biographical data are very close to the legend. Relatively accurate only to the date of death, but also significantly that in 54 g. A poem. located in Cicero, which subsequently issued her. All other information about the life of LA, especially the mention of the love potion, which caused darkening of the mind and leads to suicide, should classify more of the legends. Of the surviving works of L. It also follows that the author was a fervent supporter of the teachings of Epicurus, which would circulate in Rome. - Didactic epic On the Nature of Things (De rerum natura) in 6 books L. devoted to a certain Guy Memmi, Pretoria from 58 g. This initiation (after treatment to Venus, which is particularly revered in the family Memmi) has had little impact on the art form of poem. However, somewhat unexpectedly, the dedication of the poem A. a man who despised Latin literature, and, as it follows from the correspondence of Cicero, if anything, and recognized in Epicureanism, you misunderstood the theory of pleasure.
A product. Cicero was issued in the form in which got into his hands. This, of course, speaks in favor of the Cicero, who was known to be opposed to the Epicurean doctrine. A Poem. does not give the whole philosophical system Epicureanism, but this does not indicate that the author did not finish the work. For L. wrote a poem, not because of abstract cognitive interest, but to free people from fear of the gods and fear of death. Thesis arguing that the gods do not intervene in the fate of the world and not interested in the affairs of men, and that the soul is mortal, and perishes with the body. L. could and did pass the system of Epicurus and limit lecture on physics, which is mechanistically explained everything that happens in the world. Doctrine of Epicurus L. knew from the Greek sources, it is unlikely that he actually used the fundamental work in physics about the nature of 37 books, rather he was satisfied the study excerpts and reductions that later Epicureans were for school needs. At 6 books of the poem A. described the Epicurean vision of the world and the concept of a happy life: in the book. 1, he outlined the theory of atoms and void, in the book. 2 - the shape and motion of atoms in the book. 3 - the doctrine of the soul, in the book. 4 - theory of knowledge, in the book. 5 - cosmology, in book. 6 - Meteorology (of lightning, thunder, clouds, rain, about the earthquake, the eruption of Etna and t. etc.).
The most successful parts of the poem poetically L. belong to the individual books of entry, all skilfully constructed introduction to the book:. 1, containing an appeal to Venus, the dedication Memmi, the praise of Epicurus, who fought with the remnants of people's beliefs (the sacrifice of Iphigenia), and a warning against the priests; praise of Epicurus and his teachings are devoted to an introduction to the book. 3,5 and 6, in the introduction to the book. 2 refers to the wealth of the wise and the poor fools. Brilliantly in literary terms as written descriptions of culture in the book. 5 and the epidemic in Athens in the book. 6 (specifying a poem). Language L. strongly arhaizovan, . the same applies to the style (among many other things alliteration); dactylic hexameter A more gradual, . than Ennia or Lutsiliya, . but it is far more up to the sophistication, . which is achieved only in poetry avgustianskoy era (Virgil),
. Certain stylistic errors, and formal defects largely stem from the lack of formed Latin philosophical terminology and the general features of scientific style. Occurring in the poem reflects the repetition of teaching trends in L. Interest in the poem A. Rome was quite large, mainly in the circles of educated people, in the second half of I. Valery Probus prepared commented edition of the text. Epicureanism has attracted the attention of Virgil and Horace.
Even opponents of Epicureanism, such as Cicero, Seneca the philosopher, Marcus Aurelius, Augustine, spoke on the L. best regards. For Christian writers, especially early, L. was an ally in the refutation of pagan faith, although they often contradicted his mechanical world picture. Despite this, many explanations L. firmly established in the treasury of Christian knowledge, we find them in Isidore of Seville. Renaissance admired above all poetry L. Deep interest in the Epicurean doctrine of L. caused in the first half of XVII century. Work P. Gassendi. The enthusiasm of the rationalists of the Enlightenment to Epicureanism L. was the reason that early on appeared to him and hostile tendencies, born on the soil reaction. This trend has opened its Antilukretsiem Cardinal M. de Polignac.