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NONN (Nonnos)

( Greek poet)

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Biography NONN (Nonnos)
Nonn; Nonnos, from Panopolya in Egypt, V in. n. e., Greek poet. At the end of life, apparently, became a Christian. By most extensive (48 books) of the surviving Greek epic history of Dionysus (Dionysiaka). N. it tells the story of Dionysus, which begins with the abduction of Europe long before the birth of God (it is described only in book VIII), and ends with the apotheosis of Dionysus and the adoption of it in terms of Olympians. The bulk of the work - a story about the campaign of Dionysus in India, based on the legend, took shape in the Hellenistic period as a mythological reflection of the campaign in India, Alexander the Great. N. gathered in the poem unusually rich mythological material is not always associated with action. Many, he is obliged to Homer, both in terms of both content and form. Clearly shows the impact of the tragedy (pathos), the Alexandrian poetry (passion for language, riddles and idyllic pictures) and novels (mostly Achilles Tatia). History of Dionysus, however, is an original piece due primarily to the atmosphere of Dionysian ecstasy that permeates the whole poem.

Often H. discards pathos and the Baroque style, typically, he put on the form too much attention to detail and a conglomeration of contrasts, stress and lack of completeness of individual text passages. But all this does not negate the artistic merits of the work, the last great epic in Greek literature. Particularly noteworthy have not been previously encountered extraordinary resonance, due to alliteration, assonance and modification of H. dactylic hexameter, which is still in the IV. came into conflict with the development of language, in which the tonic accent was replaced by power. Reform hexameter - the greatest merit of H. - Based on the reduction of verbal accent in line with the melodic. Even for two centuries it was used hexameter poets who belonged to the school of AN, which were under the influence of his work. Other preserved product H. - Poetic paraphrase of the Gospel of John. Perhaps he wrote it at the end of life is a Christian. Both works H. had a significant influence on literature XV-XVII centuries.


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