Paneth (Panaitios)( Greek philosopher)
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Biography Paneth (Panaitios)
Paneth; Panaitios, with Rhodes, ca. 180 OK. 100 years. BC. e., Greek philosopher. Came from a wealthy aristocratic family from Linda Rhodes. Received a profound rhetorical and philosophical education, listening to lectures in Athens, Diogenes of Seleucia, stoic, and then performances of his successor Antipater of Tarsus, after whose death he headed the school. P. also called a disciple of Krata Malla. In Rome II. entered the circle of Scipio the Younger (perhaps brought him there Polybius). Views, they proclaimed, in the spirit of the Roman aristocracy. Vocation P. seen in work for the welfare state, and the ideal - a gifted person, messengers of fate, for which the ministry is his duty to society. He defended the Roman imperialism, followed Aristotle in asserting that some are born gentlemen, and others - their servants. Stoic philosophy, he sought to reconcile the views of Plato and Aristotle. He threw many of the tenets of the old Stoics, and even recognized the unconditional primacy of the Logos, he considered it inevitable receptacle body, and a field of activity - the whole world.
He combined the findings of its predecessors: in his system, "to live in harmony with nature" meant to live according to our natural inclinations, which should not be eradicated, but to control them through reason. Being a rationalist, R., contrary to the traditions of the Stoics, rejected astrology, magic and sorcery. He also divided all the myths in three categories: established poets, statesmen and philosophers. All compositions P. lost. His treatise On Duties (Peri tu kathekontos) formed the basis for works of Cicero with the same title, translated into Latin.