PERSEY (Aulus Persius Flaccus)( Roman poet and satirist)
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Biography PERSEY (Aulus Persius Flaccus)
Persius, Aulus Persius Flaccus; Aulus Persius Flaccus, 34-62 years. n. e., Roman poet and satirist. Preserved ancient biography sample, only in it we find reliable information about P. He was born in Volaterre in Etruria, a wealthy family. In the sixth year of life lost his father. With 12 years he studied in Rome at the grammar Remmy Palemono and conductor Verginia Flavia. He made friends with the Stoics and Kornutom Petom Trazeey, was familiar with Lukanov and Seneca the Younger. He died at 28 year of age, all the property unsubscribed mother and sister, and library bequeathed Kornutu, who picked out his Heritage 6 satyr, and the rest - in particular, the Roman tragedy (pretekstaty) - acknowledged the failure of youth experiences. Satire with iambic prologue issued each P. poet Cesium Bass. Living and doing in the reign of Caligula, Claudius and Nero, P. witnessed a progressive immorality, especially in the highest circles of Roman society and the imperial court.
Himself as righteous, while advocating the principles of Stoic ethics, he was under the influence of reading Lucilla, his poetry began to struggle with the manifestations of this evil. But in the strict sense only the earliest satire I have all the hallmarks of the genre: in the form of dialogue with an anonymous interlocutor, . thin, . ironic word he attacks the literary trends, . dominant in contemporary Rome, . adapting to the demands of the public writers, . artificiality of the style, . overloaded with rhetorical figures,
. Others satire set out the favorites of the Stoic philosophy. Based on these, P. shows beauty ethics of the Stoics, and stigmatizes those who does not adhere to these rules. Satire II in the form of letters to Maxim on his birthday is directed against the hypocrites - their false piety and insincere prayers. Satire III spoke about the value of philosophy and decries the wild life of youth; Satire IV is devoted to the commandment: "Know thyself"; Satire V expresses heartfelt gratitude to the poet Kornutu for his friendship and mentorship, . At the same time chastising him for his weakness of character and indulged their passions, Satire VI addressed to the cesium Bass and glorifies moderation in everyday life,
P. can not be compared with its predecessors, Lucilla, or Horace, whose influence is evident in his work, particularly in language and style of satyr. The poet died far too young and knew little about life, he did not have time to learn how to create a complete picture of the details that abound in his works. He did not avoid a certain artificiality and pathos, which is why sometimes it becomes dark and hard to read. There was not enough to him and humor, and above all - talent, Horace tear of life "hot" situation. But ennobling content satyr, though not new, but repeats the Stoic principles, sincere enthusiasm for the poet and the courageous struggle with vice earned P. recognition and fame among his contemporaries and descendants, especially in the Middle Ages.