Pliny (Gaius Plinius Caecilius)( Roman writer)
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Biography Pliny (Gaius Plinius Caecilius)
Pliny, Gaius Plinius Caecilius (Junior); Gaius Plinius Caecilius (Minor), ca. 62 ca. 113 years. n. e., a Roman writer. Born in Como in Lombardy. After his father was adopted by his uncle, Pliny the Elder. Career, gave him access to the Senate, began with Domitian. At the end of the reign of the emperor, disappointed by terror, away from politics. For social activity returned only after the death of Domitian in AD 96, during the reign of Nerves. In 100 or 101 g. Consulate received from the hands of the Emperor Trajan, then became a member of the priestly colleges augurs, and in 111/112 or 112/113 years. - Governor of Bithynia and Pontus. Trajan gave P. special trust and often consulted with him in important matters. After 113 g. we do not find more references to the AP, perhaps, he died at this time. - P. reputed excellent orator. From published his collection of speeches preserved one, because in ancient times it was placed first in the collection of Latin panegyrics. This is a speech in honor of Emperor Trajan, as well as the typical acceptance speech, which was to deliver a new consul inaugural.
Undoubtedly, before the publication was revised and expanded to large panegyric, in which P. merits praise Caesar to Rome and the whole empire. This speech is in some sense, the software in it we find the ideal ruler. His place in literary history P. must first epistolografii. His correspondence comprises 247 letters, collected in 9 of the book (97-109 gg.) Addressed the historical persons. Some of them are treatises and literary works. Each of the letters devoted to single theme: life in the countryside, . Diseases domestic slaves, . experienced during the eruption of Vesuvius, . funeral friend, . burdensome public poetry readings, . Martial death, . friendship with the author Tacitus, . description of their villas, . life and literary works of Pliny the Elder, . daily routine of the author, etc.,
. Together, they recreate the picture of life under Trajan. Of particular historical significance are the letters to Tacitus (VI 11, . 20) on the eruption of Vesuvius and the death of Pliny the Elder, . well as a separate collection, . The tenth book of letters, . published after the death of the author and containing the official correspondence with the Emperor Trajan period governorship P,
. at Ponte and in Bithynia. Language II. is very concise, topics only business. Letters written by the emperor as a clear and concise style and provide answers to the question P. The most famous letter of this book is a letter about the persecution of Christians (97 g.). P. was also the author of various small poetic works that did not survive.