PRISTSIAN (Priscianus)( Rome grammars)
Comments for PRISTSIAN (Priscianus)
Biography PRISTSIAN (Priscianus)
Pristsian; Priscianus, of Caesarea, V / VI Centuries. n. e., a Roman grammarian. Born in Caesarea in Mauritania, is closely linked with the famous Roman leaders, including Simmahom Aurelius, the emperor of Anastasia (491-518 gg. n. e.) was a teacher of Latin in Byzantium. - The most important piece of P., . well as the most extensive grammatical writing in Latin, is the grammar (Institutio de arte grammatica) in 18 books, . where, . starting from the works of Greek (Apollon Diskol, . Herodian) and Roman grammarians, . author gave a systematic description of all the Latin grammar in its connection with the syntax,
. This is the main merit of P. In the product P. alternately describes all the parts of speech, and in the books XVII and XVIII - syntax. Grammatical rules, he richly illustrated with quotations from Roman authors, which he either knew from other sources, or read myself, thus preserved many fragments of lost works later. P. was not the original researcher, but he systematized the grammar and presented it in an accessible form, formulated rules led grammar exceptions and set the terminology used and now. His famous allowance required to study in the Middle Ages and became a model for the grammar of modern times.
P. was recognized even by his contemporaries, especially eager to read it and commented on in the Middle Ages. Product P. became a school textbook, along with a brief grammar Donata, and Caroline period - by studying grammar in school. Survived more than minor grammatical work SP: About figures (De figuris numerorum) - on Greek and Roman numerals, . measures and coins; About metric comedies of Terence (De metris fabularum Terentii); small rhetorical treatise, . translation of Greek books Hermogenes, . Introductory exercises (Praeexercitamina), . variety of initiation Aurelius Simmahu, . On nouns, . pronouns and verbs (Institutio de nomine et pronomine et verbo) - abridged version of the book,
. VI-XIII of his Grammar, . intended to study in school, . and Analysis of the first twelve verses "Aeneid" (Partitiones duodecim versuum Aeneidos principalium), . which in the form of questions and answers being metrical and grammatical analysis of the first verse of each of the twelve books Aeneid,
. P. tried his hand also in the field of poetry: except gekzametricheskogo translations from Greek works of Dionysius Perigeta, he wrote about. 512 g. panegyric Praise the Emperor Anastasia (De laude Anastasii imperatoris).