Rochester George( Scientific)
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Biography Rochester George
George Rochester was born in 1908 in Tyneside (near Newcastle) and studied in nyukastlskom Armstrong College, then is the division Derhemskogo University (Durham University). Receiving a Bachelor of Exact Sciences, Master of science, and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), he took up the post-dissertation research at the University of California. Subsequently, he lectured at the University of Manchester. Then in 1955 he obtained the post of professor of physics and dean of faculty at the University Derhemskom.
. After his retirement in 1973, Rochester has continued to participate in campus life and with his help in 1977 was designed and implemented the project of a new building of the physical faculty of the University
. December 26, 2001 Professor Rochester is not.
He died one of the founding fathers of modern physics of elementary particles - George Rochester. He turned 93 пЁп+п¦п¦. Rochester is known that opened kaon, or K-mesons - one of the first subnuclear particles that were found after the proton and the neutron. This discovery led to a real race for discoveries already predicted the theory of subatomic particles. In 1947, in collaboration with Clifford Butler, a colleague at Manchester University, he worked high in the French Pyrenees, noticed an unusual pair of tracks in a cloud chamber. Features tracks could be explained using the assumption of the decay of neutral particles, the mass is about 1000 times the mass of the electron.
This was a particle and kaon. The assumption of the existence of mesons in the nucleus has been suggested to explain the mechanism linking the equally charged and neutral nucleons together. The unusual properties of the kaon immediately dubbed "strangeness". After the discovery of quarks in 1960, it was found that these characteristics are entered in the properties of a constituent quark meson (actually quark and antiquark), which also was named the strange. In subsequent years it was discovered a huge number of other subatomic particles. The development of technology accelerators allow physicists to study these particles and establish the relationship between them, which led, in turn, to create a so-called. Standard Model of particle physics.