PORT Giovanni Battista( Italian scientist)
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Biography PORT Giovanni Battista
PORT Giovanni Battista (between 3-15.X 1535-4.II 1615), Italian scientist.
Physical studies focus on optics, magnetism and crystallography. Gave a clear description of the camera obscura and improved it (1558), using the collecting lens. Offered (1589) used the camera obscura to perform graphics and design (the idea of designing a lamp). Principle of a pinhole camera used in the development of the theory of. Discussed the combination of convex and concave lenses for observation of distant and near objects. Made (1601) experience to determine the amount of steam, which passes a certain amount of water, described (1606) thermoscope and experience of raising the water vapor pressure.
. In 1560, organized in Naples, the first physical Academy - The Academy of the mysteries of nature.