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GUBAREV Alexey

( Astronaut Russia)

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Biography GUBAREV Alexey
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Astronaut Russia. Born March 29, 1931 in the village guards Bor area Kuibyshev (now Samara) region in a peasant family. Since 1936 he lived and studied in the state farm near Moscow "Chashnikovo", where the family moved after his father's death. Ibid found them the Great Patriotic War. In December 1941, the retreating Nazi troops burned the house Gubareva and it has nowhere to live. Were forced to move first in Khimki near Moscow, and then return to his native village guards in the Kuibyshev region. After the war, once again moved to Kryukovo. In 1950 he graduated from high school in Kryukovo (Moscow region) and entered the Marine aviation technician school. Upon learning that the school cook staff, achieved at the earliest possible transfer to the naval mine-torpedo Aviation College. After graduating from college in 1952, served in the Air Force Soviet.

In 1961 he graduated from the Air Force Academy (now named after Yuri Gagarin) and was assigned to the Black Sea Fleet, where he served prior to enrollment in the cosmonaut corps commander of the squadron. In 1963 he enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1963 Group of the Air Force? 2). It has been a full course of general space training. Trained in the Soviet lunar program, the group mastered a military research variant of the spacecraft Soyuz (spacecraft 7K-VI). In the future, preparing for space flight aboard ships such as "Union" and orbital stations such as "Fireworks" (DOS). In September 1973, was the commander of the backup crew (along with Georgi Grechko) when flying spacecraft "Soyuz-12". His first flew from 11 January to 9 February 1975 along with Georgi Grechko as commander of Soyuz-17 "and orbital station" Salyut-4 "-" Soyuz-17 "(call sign -" Zenith "). Length of stay in space was 29 days 13 hours 19 minutes 45 seconds. Since 1976, trained in the program of cooperation with the socialist countries of the Intercosmos.

The second flew by 2 to 10 March 1978 together with a Czech Vladimir Remek as commander of the Soyuz-28 "(call sign -" Zenith "). This was the first manned flight program Intercosmos. The astronauts have worked aboard the orbital station Salyut-6 "-" Soyuz-27 "-" Soyuz-28 spacecraft, along with Yuri Viktorovich Romanenko and Georgi Grechko. Length of stay in space was 7 days 22 hours 16 minutes. For 2 space mission has flown 37 days 11 hours 35 minutes 45 seconds. In 1981 he left the cosmonaut corps, but continued to serve in command positions in the Cosmonaut Training Center named after Yury Gagarin. Currently retired.

Member of the CPSU from 1957 to 1991. Major General Aviation (1983).

Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (Decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 12 February 1975 and March 16, 1978). He was awarded two Orders of Lenin and medals. Hero of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. He was awarded the Czechoslovak Order of Klement Gottwald. Awarded a gold medal Tsiolkovsky Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the gold medal of the Gagarin (FAI), the gold medal of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences of. Honorary citizen of Kaluga (Russia), Arkalyk, Tselinograd (Kazakhstan), Prague (Czech Republic).

Author of the book "The attraction of weightlessness" (Moscow, 1982).


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