Manar Mousa Khiramanovich( Astronaut Russia)
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Biography Manar Mousa Khiramanovich
Astronaut Russia. Born March 22, 1951 in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR (now - Republic of Azerbaijan) in the family of a soldier. He graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze. Since 1974 he worked in research and production association "Energy". In 1978 he enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1978 a group of civilian experts? 10). It has been a full course of cosmonaut training and preparation for flight aboard the Soyuz TM "and orbital station" Mir ". December 21, 1987, along with Vladimir Titov and Georgievich Anatoliy Levchenko began his first space flight as a flight engineer of Soyuz TM-4. Within a year he worked on board the orbital station "Mir". At the time it was the longest in the history of astronautics, space flight. Returned to Earth on Dec. 21, 1988, together with Vladimir Georgievich Titov and French astronaut Jean-Loup ChrцLtien aboard Soyuz TM-6 ". Length of stay in space was 365 days 22 hours 39 minutes 47 seconds.
In August 1990, was part of the backup crew during the flight of the Soyuz TM-10 ". His second space flight began on Dec. 2, 1990, along with Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasyev and Japanese astronaut Toyohiro Akiyama as flight engineer of Soyuz TM-11. He worked on board the orbital station "Mir". Returned to Earth May 26, 1991, along with Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasyev and British kosmonavtkoy Helen Sharman in the same boat. Length of stay in space was 175 days 1 hour 51 minute 23 seconds. For 2 flights flown in space 541 days 31 minutes 10 seconds. Since 1990 - Cosmonaut instructor scientific production association "Energy". He was engaged in political activities. From 1990 to 1993 was people's deputy of RSFSR. Currently engaged in the business.
Hero of the Soviet Union (Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of 21 December 1988). He was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, the Order of Georgi Dimitrov (Bulgaria), the Order of the Sun of Freedom "(Afghanistan), the Order of the Legion d'Honneur (France). He was awarded the International Prize of Icarus-1989 ", honorary diploma" Prize Harmon (USA).