Valery V. Polyakov( USSR pilot-cosmonaut, Hero of the Soviet Union, instructor-cosmonaut-researcher cosmonaut corps IBMP. 66 astronaut our country, 207 astronaut in the world.)
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Biography Valery V. Polyakov
Born April 27, 1942 in Tula (RSFSR). Russian. In 1959, Mr.. graduated from high scale? 4 cities of Tula and enrolled in the 1 st Mo skovsky Medical Institute. Sechenov. June 25, 1965 after he received a medical degree.
From September 1965 to June 1966 he studied in clinical studies in the Institute of Medical Parasitology and Tropical Medicine im.E.I.Martsinovskogo. From June 1966 to July 1967 was senior referent Research Institute for Social Hygiene and Public Health Organization of. Semashko.
On 18 October 1971 to October 18, 1974 he attended graduate school IBMP USSR Ministry of Health and 30 January 1976. thesis of Candidate of Medical Sciences. From July 1967 to October 1971 worked as a senior inspector of the 3rd Main Directorate (space medicine) at the USSR Ministry of Health and concurrently worked as a doctor of emergency ambulance.
In 1968 wrote an application for admission to the astronauts and was directed to undergo medical examination. In July 1970 decision of the on going medical commission found fit for special training. March 22, 1972 decision of the State Interdepartmental Commission on the Selection of Astronauts recommended for admission to the astronauts IBMP.
1972-1980 - Ph.D. in cosmonaut researcher IBMP. At the same time led the research work as a junior and then senior researcher of the IBMP. Repeatedly participated in the post-flight inspections of astronauts, in the search and rescue teams.
From October 1978 to December 1979 was cosmonaut training in the Cosmonaut Training Center. Gagarin. In December 1979, was appointed the first crew, and until May 1980 he held the immediate preparations for the second manned test flight of Soyuz T "(the interface with the OS" Salyut-6 ") as a cosmonaut researcher with VG Lazarev and F . Strekalova M.,
. (Flight canceled after the successful test flight of Soyuz T and Soyuz T-2 and of the need for repairs to the OS board the Salyut-6 ").
In May 1980. Polyakov was appointed commander of the cosmonaut corps IBMP. From May to October 1980 passed directly to the flight training program removta OS "Salyut-6" as a cosmonaut-researcher of the second crew, together with VG Lazarev and GM Strekalova (at the last stage with the VP Savinykh).
November 27, 1980, Mr.. a backup cosmonaut researcher Soyuz T-W "GM Strekalova. From June to October 1983. trained for a long flight physician kosmovavta in the group.
On October 3, 1983 to January 30, 1984 passed directly to flight training on "OK" Salyut-7 "program a long flight, the astronaut-physician in the second crew EO-W, together with VV Vasyutin and VP Savinykh.
February 8, 1984, Mr.. a backup cosmonaut researcher (rotation-cha), Soyuz T-10 "O. Atkova.
Since August, but in November 1987 was held three months fees in the Air Force of the CPC. Gagarin. In their framework from September 10 to October 25, successfully completed a training program to work in open space.
On February 15, 1988 to August 17, 1988 was a direct preparation for the year and a half flight of physician-astronaut, as the first cosmonaut-researcher visiting crew, along with VA Axadom A. Lyakhov and Mohmand (Afghanistan).
The first space flight made from 29 August 1988 to 27 April 1989. as the first cosmonaut researcher Soyuz TM-6, together with VA Lyakhov and A. Ahad Mohmand program EP-W, . as well as in the EO-W, together with B. A. Titov and MXManarovym and EC-4, together with AA Volkov, . SK Krikalev and Jean-L.Kretenom (France),
. Landed on Soyuz TM-7 ". Callsign: "Proton-2", "Donbass-3". Flight duration 240p 23h 35m 49s.
May 25, 1989, Mr.. for the implementation of long-duration space flight, he was qualified as an instructor-cosmonaut-researcher in class 2.
October 16, 1989, Mr.. V. Polyakov was appointed deputy director of IBMP on science with tenure instructor kosmovavt Research.
From August 1990 V. Polyakov is the deputy head of operations in the MCC Medical. From January to July 1993. podgotovhu held in the CPC to year and a half flight of a group of astronauts, together with GS Arzamazova and BV Moruhovym.
From 1 July to 17 December 1993. was direct preparation for the flight to the Mir station in the EO-15, 16, 17 as a cosmonaut-researcher (doctor) of the first carriage along with V. Afanasyev and YV Usachev.
For the successful implementation of long-duration space flight, VV Polyakov awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (1989), with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star". He also was awarded the title Hero of the Republic of Afghanistan with the Order of the Sun of Liberty "(1988, DRA), and awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor Officer" (1989, France).
Valeriy Married. Wife Nelia Feodorovna - vrachne-vropatolog, Head Nevrol-cal department of nervous diseases clinic 1st Moscow Medical Sechenov Institute.
In family Polyakovs a daughter Elena, the ophthalmologist.