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POPOV, Leonid Ivanovich

( Astronaut Russia)

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Biography POPOV, Leonid Ivanovich
photo POPOV, Leonid Ivanovich
Astronaut Russia. Born August 31, 1945 in Alexandria, Kirovograd region of the Ukrainian SSR (now - Republic of Ukraine). He started working as a fitter, electrician Electromechanical Plant. Then he entered the Chernigov Higher Military Aviation School for Pilots. In 1968 he graduated from college and served as a fighter pilot in the Air Forces of the USSR. In 1970 he enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1970 Group of the Air Force? 5). It has been a full course of general space training and preparing to fly to the ship type "Union" and orbital station "Salyut". Participated in the spacecraft control. Without leaving one's work completed in 1976, the Air Force Academy named after Yury Gagarin. In September 1976 was part of the backup crew during the flight of spacecraft "Soyuz-22". In February 1979, was part of the backup crew during the flight of spacecraft "Soyuz-32".

His first space flight began April 9, 1980, together with Valery Ryumin as commander of the Soyuz-35 ". During the 185 days he worked on board the orbital station Salyut-6 ". Returned to Earth on Oct. 11, 1980 on board the Soyuz-37 ". Length of stay in space was 184 days 20 hours 11 minutes 35 seconds. In the future, trained for space flight program Intercosmos. His second space flight made from 14 to 22 May 1981, together with the Romanian cosmonaut Dumitru Phare as commander of the spacecraft "Soyuz-40". He worked on board the orbital station Salyut-6 ". Length of stay in space was 7 days 20 hours 41 minutes 52 seconds. His third space flight made from 19 to 27 August 1982 as commander of the Soyuz T-7 ". He worked on board the orbital station Salyut-7 ". Length of stay in space was 7 days 21 hours 52 minutes 24 seconds. Over 3 flights flown in space 200 days 14 hours 45 minutes 51 seconds. In 1982 - 1987 years - Instructor-Cosmonaut Training Center of Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. In June 1985, was part of the backup crew during the flight of the Soyuz T-13 ". He served as Chairman of the Board of society "Russia - Romania". He was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 11-th convocation.

Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (Decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR ot11 October 1980 and May 22, 1981). Hero of the Socialist Republic of Romania. The hero of the Hungarian People's Republic of. Hero of Labor of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Hero of the Republic of Cuba. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Freedom of degree 1 (Vietnam). Awarded the Gold Medal Tsiolkovsky Academy of Sciences of the USSR.


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