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Romanenko, Yury

( Astronaut Russia)

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Biography Romanenko, Yury
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Astronaut Russia. Born Aug. 1, 1944 in the village (now - pgt) Koltubanovsky Buzuluk district of the Orenburg region in the family of a sailor. After graduating from high school worked as a concrete worker, then as a mechanic, and in 1962 entered the Chernigov Higher Military Aviation School for Pilots. After graduating in 1966, the school served as an instructor pilot in the aviation wing of the Air Forces of the USSR. In 1970 he enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1970 Group of the Air Force? 5). It has been a full course of general space training and preparing to fly on spacecraft such as "Union". In May 1973, was included as a captain in one of their crews on the program of Soviet-American flight (EPAS). He was a support crew of a spacecraft "Soyuz-16" (jointly with Alexander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov) at the start of December 2, 1974. He was a support crew of a spacecraft "Soyuz-19" (together with Vladimir Aleksandrovich Dzhanibekov, Boris Andreyev, Alexander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov) at the start of July 15, 1975. In the future, are trained to fly on board the orbital station "Salyut-6".

He was a member of the backup crew of the Soyuz-25 "(jointly with Alexander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov) at the start of October 9, 1977. His first space flight began on Dec. 10, 1977, together with Georgi Grechko as commander of the spacecraft "Soyuz-26". During 95 days of working on board the orbital station Salyut-6 ". During the flight, 20 December 1977 together with Georgi Grechko made out in the open space. The astronauts conducted a survey of the docking site to investigate the possibility of its further exploitation. It was assumed that the site was damaged in a failed docking with the station, Soyuz-25 "in October 1977. Length of stay in the open space of 1 hour 28 minutes. March 16, 1978 returned to Earth aboard Soyuz-27 ". Length of stay in space was 96 days 10 hours 7 seconds. In the future, are trained in the program of cooperation with the socialist countries of the Intercosmos. He was a member of the backup crew of the Soyuz-33 "(jointly with Bulgarian Alexander Panayotov Alexandrova) at start of April 10, 1979. His second flew from 18 to 26 September 1980, together with the Cuban cosmonaut Arnaldo TAMAYO MENDEZ as commander of the spacecraft "Soyuz-38".

He worked on board the orbital station Salyut-6 "-" Soyuz-37 "(crew Leonid Popov and Valery Ryumin) - Soyuz-38". Length of stay in space was 7 days 20 hours 43 minutes 24 seconds. He was a member of the backup crew of the Soyuz-40 "(jointly with Romania Dumitru DEDIU) at the start May 14, 1981. After that was trained to fly on spacecraft like the Soyuz T and on board the orbital station Salyut-7 ". He was a member of the backup crew of Soyuz T-7 "(jointly with Viktor and Irina SAVIGNY Rudolfovna Pronin) at the start of August 19, 1982. Then trained to fly on spacecraft like the Soyuz TM and on board the orbital station "Mir". February 5, 1987 began his third flight into space along with Alexander Ivanovich Laveykin as commander of the spaceship "Soyuz TM-2". During the 325 days he worked on board the orbital station "Mir". During the flight, 11 п¦п©я-п¦п¦я¦, 12 and 16 June 1987 together with Alexander Ivanovich Laveykin three worked in the open space. Total length of stay in the open space was 8 hours, 48 minutes. Returned to Earth on Dec. 29, 1987 together with Alexander Pavlovich Aleksandrov and Anatoly S. Levchenko on board the spacecraft Soyuz TM-3 ". Length of stay in space was 326 days 11 hours 38 minutes. Over 3 flights flown in space 430 days 18 hours 21 minutes 31 seconds. In 1988 he resigned from the cosmonaut corps.

Engaged in social work, was a member of the Komsomol Central Committee.

Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (Decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of 16 March 1978 and September 26, 1980). Awarded 3 orders of Lenin, Order of the Red Star and medals. Hero of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1978). Hero of the Republic of Cuba (1980). He was awarded many foreign orders and medals. Awarded a gold medal Tsiolkovsky Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the gold medal of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. Honorary citizen of Kaluga, Buzuluk (Russia), Arkalyk, Dzhezkazgan (Kazakhstan), Bratislava (Slovakia), Prague (Czech Republic), Houston (USA).


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Romanenko, Yury, photo, biography
Romanenko, Yury, photo, biography Romanenko, Yury  Astronaut Russia, photo, biography
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