Kadenyuk Leonid Konstantinovich( Ukrainian cosmonaut.)
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Biography Kadenyuk Leonid Konstantinovich
Ukrainian astronaut. Born January 28, 1951 in Ukraine in the village Klishkovichi Khotyn Raion. In 1967 he graduated from high school in Chernovtsy and in the same year he entered Chernivtsi Higher Military Aviation School for Pilots. He graduated from college in 1971 and served in the aviation wing of the Air Forces of the USSR. In 1976 he was included in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1976 Group of the Air Force? 6). It has been fully trained to fly on the Soyuz-type spacecraft and orbital stations Salyut-type. In 1977, the job at the Cosmonaut Training Center graduated from high school test pilots for Scientific Testing Institute Chkalov the Soviet Air Force. In 1978 - 1983 years was trained to fly on ships like Buran. In 1983 he was expelled from the cosmonaut corps of "low morale" (divorce from his wife). In 1984 - 1988 he worked in Research and Testing Institute Chkalov the Soviet Air Force test pilot and instructor pilot. Has over 2400 flying hours. Participated in testing 54 types and modifications of aircraft, including the aerospace plane MiG-31. As a pilot instructor produced 15 pilots. Since 1988, again in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts. Training for a mission aboard Buran type. In 1989 he graduated from the aircraft manufacturer faculty of Moscow Aviation Institute.
In 1990, preparing for a Ukrainian crew commander for the flight to the Mir station. After the lifting of the flight, trained for space flight, which included docking unmanned spacecraft Buran and Mir orbital station. After the cancellation, and this flight, as well as closing the program Buran, was trained to fly on the Mir station as commander of the spacecraft Soyuz TM. After the collapse of the Soviet Union remained in Russia and served in the Army Air Force Russia. In 1995, retired from the Armed Forces of Russia and asked the Ukrainian citizenship. Moved to the Ukraine and began working as a research assistant at the Institute of Botany, named Bleak National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. In 1996 included in the group of Ukrainian cosmonauts to be trained to fly in spaceships Space Shuttle. In July 1996, arrived in the United States to undergo pre-flight training. November 19 - December 5, 1997 made a space flight as an experimenter in a spaceship Columbia (STS-87). During the flight has been engaged in experiments on artificial pollination of soybean plants and rape in order to obtain seeds in conditions of weightlessness. The flight lasted 15 days 16 hours 35 minutes 1 second.