BILIMOVICH Alexander D.( Writer)
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Biography BILIMOVICH Alexander D.
Aq. Bilimovich was born in 1869. Kiev. Ibid graduated from high school and university. Family Bilimovichey was well known among the public in Kiev. In particular, close relations were maintained with the family Shulgin. His journalistic activity Bilimovich began precisely on the pages of "Kievlyanin".
After graduating from the University Bilimovich continued his research and teaching activities at the Department of Economics and Statistics, where he received an academic title of professor. His academic specialization focused primarily on the development of domestic agriculture. He fully supported the program of agrarian reform P.A. Stolypin, stressing in his early works, the need for private ownership of land: ": A part of the land, even in highly efficient countries should long remain in the hands of large and medium landowners. They are under normal conditions give a very valuable social class, . which among other rests healthy local autocracy: Only under very rough and simple state of society redistribution of property could turn out for the welfare of those, . for whom tried the wrong way to improve its distribution:, . but agriculture as an individual, . that at the slightest movement of his way to an intensification of comradely land splits:,
Since the beginning of the "Russian Time of Troubles" he did not seek to participate in any political movements or organizations. However, education in Kiev's center-right "of the state union of Russia" (Burning) supported his program.
After the collapse of the Hetman PP. Skoropadsky in Ukraine went to Ekaterinodar, and then in Novorossiysk. Here he became rector of the University of Novorossiysk. By this time the true beginning Bilimovicha participation in the political life of the white southern Russia. As part of the Special Conference established the Commission on National Affairs, chaired and was directed by Professor of the Kiev and Novorossiysk University. Summary of the commission's work was published in early 1919. in a booklet "The division of the South of Russia on the field, written Bilimovichem. After analyzing virtually all known by the time the draft Unitary, . federal and confederal unit of European Russia, . He came to the conclusion, . that the most relevant criterion in the allocation of separate areas in the state of the common economic and social characteristics (and to a lesser extent - national circumstances),
. Therefore, Bilimovich shared south of Russia on a few areas (Novorossiysk or Tauride, Kiev, Kharkov, Don and Kuban). His proposed order was supported Denikin and became the basis for the subsequent separation of the liberated from the Bolsheviks in southern Russian provinces into separate areas.
Professor Bilimovich participated in the political life of white South. He was a member of the national-patriotic "Russian electoral bloc" - an organization established at the initiative of VV. Shulgin and fielded candidates in municipal elections, 1919. Sevastopol, Kharkov and Stavropol. He continued to cooperate with center-right political circles - by the state union of Russia "(leaders - AV. Krivoshein, NV. Savic). Burning one of its main tasks set adjustment policy Denikin's Government, which seemed to him "too liberal"
. Although, . that participation in politics was not for the main occupation of Kiev Professor, . namely, his candidacy was supported by Burning in the dispute with the liberal National Center for position as head of the Office of Agriculture and Land Management (hereinafter - UZiZ),
. The fact that the post was approved by aq. Bilimovich, and not the candidate of the National Center, the vowel of the Kharkiv City Council, a supporter of a substantial limitation of private-ownership - NN. Kovalevsky, indicating an increasing influence of right-centrist forces in the special meeting of the fall of 1919.
In the new post aq. Bilimovich made the main business of his life - has developed an agrarian law, implementation of which was assumed after the victorious conclusion of the White Army "march on Moscow". During this time he has departed from its previous position of absolute conservation of large landed property, . recognizing the possibility of reconciliation with what happened in Russia "reapportionment": ": After the great confusion, . experienced during the revolution, . much of the large estates should be quickly moved into the hands of small and medium proprietors peasants,
. This is dictated by the need for a broad land reform with the use of compulsory acquisition of land. The transfer of land should take place under the exact law that determines who has how much land is cut off, and to whom much of it is given. Land should not proceed in a gratuitous gift, and for properly installed card:. But while he continued to take the necessary protection of the large estates: ": Possessory economy above technically, . It offers best cultivation and higher yields: the bread of large estates goes almost entirely to the market and provides supplies to the cities, . factory population and export abroad:,
These principles formed the basis of the draft land management committee chaired by the head UZiZ and head of the Office of Justice VN. Chelishchev prepared by November 1919. It provided two options for the owners of preserving inalienable land lows: variant of progressive segments and solid version of the rules inalienable parts. All provinces and districts of European Russia were divided into 5 categories (depending on population density and availability of land), which makes the process of redeployment of more differentiated. The project advocated the need to preserve high-value, . largest privately owned farms (provided even expand landlord latifundia sugar beet in the right bank of Little Russia), . development of farms due to their intensification, . and not due to an additional allotment of land,
According to Denikin, the project could become "a grand social reform". But it was not finally approved. The main reason for the rejection of immediate transformation of the land was confident the military-political leadership VSYUR the rapid elimination of the military force of Bolshevism. Supposed to agree on a project with the Government of Admiral Kolchak and his conduct "broad discussion" in the press. In addition, the fragility of the environment "civil peace" in the village any land conversion recognized Denikin government premature and dangerous.
After the dissolution of the Special Meeting in December 1919. UZiZ Bilimovicha lost its government status. During the hurried evacuation of white Rostov was not even provided transport for the export of archives and all property management. Only two cars, with diligence and courage Bilimovicha were evacuated families department employees, and nearly all the papers - destroyed. The new "democratic" South-Russian government Bilimovich are not signed in February 1920. traveled to Yugoslavia.
Here he continued to both research and social work. Chaired the board of the emigrant cultural and educational organization "Russian Matica", and directed the publication of the same name almanac. Since 1924.
Being a bitter opponent of Soviet power, aq. Bilimovich collaborated with the National Labor Union of the new generation (NTSNP - later STC - People's Labor Union), became recognized as the leaders themselves NTSNP, one of his "spiritual teacher". In publishing house "sowing" his book "Co-operation in Russia before, during and after the Bolshevik". From the standpoint of economic ideas "of solidarity", . promoted NTS, . Bilimovich thought it necessary to restore and strengthen the "postbolshevistskoy Russia" Cooperative Associations, . through which could be achieved and a broad local self-government: ": co-operative sector will play a major role as, . that the mixed multi-sectoral national economy of Russia's future will be largely "cooperative",
In the published shortly before his death in 1963. book "The economic structure of the liberated Russia" aq. Bilimovich outlined a detailed program of building new economic, social and political structure of Russia's future. One of the main tasks of the state Bilimovich considered the creation of a "mixed economic system", . at which it's possible a reasonable combination of private, . State, . cooperative and municipal ownership, . but mandatory private ownership of the peasants on the land, . maintaining the state monopoly of foreign trade and broader self-determination "of peoples of Russia,
. Bilimovich noted that "it is time to stop imposing the unfortunate Russian people, whatever that may be messianic task: the Russian people have already brought more casualties than any other nation in the history of mankind. He has the right to live not for the world's problems, but for himself. Again live like human beings. Calmly organize their economy and peacefully enjoy the products of their labor: ".
Virtually all personal archive aq. Bilimovicha stored currently in the collections of the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace (Stanford, California, USA).
Bilimovich aq. Land management objectives and land legislation of Russia. Kiev, 1907.
Bilimovich aq. The division of the South of Russia on the field. Rostov n / D, 1919.
Bilimovich aq. Property and land. Rostov n / D, 1919.;
Bilimovich aq. Revolution, the Bolsheviks and the economy of Russia. Rostov n / D, 1919.
Bilimovich aq. Co-operation in Russia before, during and after the Bolshevik. Mr. Frankfurt / M, 1955.
Bilimovich aq. The economic structure of the liberated Russia. Munich, 1960.