Krasnov Pyotr Nikolayevich( General)
Comments for Krasnov Pyotr Nikolayevich
Biography Krasnov Pyotr Nikolayevich
Cavalry general Pyotr Krasnov was born September 10, 1869, Mr.. in St. Petersburg in the family of Lieutenant-General NI. Krasnov, who served in the Directorate of irregular (Cossack) troops, the author of works on the history and geography of the Don Host.
Recorded Cossack Veshenskaia, grew up in St. Petersburg, primary education received at home, after a 5-grade 1-th St. Petersburg High School was transferred to the 5-th class of Alexander the Cadet Corps, after which 1887 g. vice-sergeant entered the rank of cadet private in the 1-e military Pavlovskoe School. In 1889, Mr.. graduated from the College of sergeant, was appointed cornet in a set of Don Cossack regiments and attached to the Guards Ataman Regiment, where he was transferred to the renaming of cornet.
Even in years of study he took up literary work, in 1891, Mr.. His first articles were published in the military newspaper "Russian Invalid".
In 1897 - 1898 he. P.N. Krasnov served with the Russian diplomatic mission in Ethiopia as the head of the convoy. In 1901 - 1905 he. as a special correspondent of "Russian Invalid" traveled to the Far East for the coverage of the China War (part Russian expeditionary forces in suppressing the Boxer uprising in China), . Turkey and Persia, . in front of the Russian-Japanese War, . where in the Cossack units involved in combat,
Since 1906. commanded the 3rd hundred Guards Ataman Regiment. In 1908 - 1909 he. studied at the Cavalry Officers' School, after which was enrolled in its permanent membership. Since October 1909. - Assistant to drill part in the Cossack Division school, then - head of department. In March 1910. was promoted to colonel, June 1911. - Commander of the 1 st of the Siberian Cossack Ermak Timofeev Regiment, from October 1913. - Commander of the 10 th of the Don Cossack regiment, headed into the first world war.
In November 1914. for military distinction was made a major general and appointed Commander of 1 Brigade, 1 st Cossack Division. Since May 1915. - Commander of the 3rd Brigade of the Caucasian Native Cavalry Division, from July - Head of the 3rd Don Cossack Division, since September - the commander, then head of 2-I Consolidated Cossack Division. Since June 1917. - Head of the 1-st of the Kuban Cossack Division, from August - the commander of the 3 rd Cavalry Corps, was promoted to lieutenant general.
After the October Revolution was appointed п-.пг. Kerensky, commander of the forces directed from the front to Petrograd. He was taken prisoner by the Bolsheviks, but then released and secretly went to the Don.
3 (16) May 1918. in Novocherkassk "Saviors of the Don" was elected Ataman of the Don Vsevelikogo, in August, was carried around in a big troop of cavalry generals.
At the post Don Ataman has done much to build and supply the Don Army, established in the Don region governments and governance. In foreign policy focuses on Germany: in part relying on her victory, . used the presence of parts of the Reichswehr in the Don earth to cleanse it from the Bolsheviks, . sought to establish strong political relations with Berlin and to exchange Don bread and food for weapons and ammunition, . supplied under the control of the Germans from the hetman of Ukraine,
Distinguished ardent kazakomanstvom, sought to separate Cossack regions of Russia and the creation of the south-east of the Cossack Union, led by Don. Refused to recognize the Volunteer Army "all-Russian" force and its subordinate command of Don. All this led to a sharp conflict between the Don Cossacks, and the Volunteer Army, between him and the AI. Denikin, which has a detrimental impact on the front.
2 (15) February 1919. because of the Don army defeats at the front and the sharp contradictions with the command of the Volunteer Army, as well as representatives of the Entente pressure, appeared in the south, has resigned and went to Batum, and from there - Estonia.
9 (22) September was enrolled in the lists of North-western army and was appointed to the Chief of General NN. Yudenich. Veda propaganda in the army, together with AI. Kuprin published the newspaper "Neva edge". In January 1920,. was a Russian military representative in Estonia and a member of the Liquidation Commission of military units, staffs and agencies of the North-western army, participated in negotiations with the Government of Estonia on the evacuation of Russian officers and soldiers. In March 1920,. was retired and went to Germany.
Lived in Germany, near Munich, and since November 1923. - France. Actively involved in political activities, collaborated with lead. kn. Nikolai Nikolaevich, Russian Armed Services Union and many monarchist organizations, participated in the sabotage against the Soviet Union.
Emigration P.N. Krasnov wrote a lot. His recollections and historical novels - all of them were written more than 20 - were published in Russian, English, French, German and other European languages.
In 1936, Mr.. He moved to Germany.
In 1941, Mr.. P.N. Krasnov welcomed Nazi Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, seeing it as the only way to liberate Russia from Bolshevism, and took part in the Cossack Division, Ministry of the eastern territories. In 1942, Mr.. suggested that the German command help in the formation of Cossack units in the Wehrmacht. During the war, receiving information about the occupation regime established by the Germans in Russia, was condemned to treat antislavyanskoy Hitler's policy. In March 1944. He was appointed Chief of the General Directorate of Cossack Forces under the Ministry of the eastern territories, . led the formation of Cossack separate corps ( "Cossack camp"), . first in Belarus, . then in Northern Italy, . and Cossack units, . acting against the Belarusian partisans, . Red Army troops and the Italian Resistance,
In April 1945,. moved to Austria, where in May, surrendered to the British. May 29, together with a large number of officers and men of the Cossacks was issued by the British to the Soviet command and was transferred to Moscow, where he was kept in Butyrskaya
January 17, 1947, Mr.. the sentence of the Supreme Court was hanged in Moscow.
Krasnov P.N. Ataman Platov. SPb., 1896.
Krasnov P.N. Donets. SPb., 1896.
Krasnov P.N. Cossacks in Africa: Diary of the Chief of the Imperial Russia convoy mission in Abyssinia in 1897/98 r. SPb., 1900.
Krasnov P.N. In Asia: Essays in Manchuria, the Far East, China, Japan, India. SPb., 1903.
Krasnov P.N. Pictures of former Quiet Flows the Don. SPb., 1909.
Krasnov P.N. On the domestic front, / / Archive of the Russian Revolution. T.1. Berlin, 1921.
Krasnov P.N. Vsevelikoe Army of the Don / / Archive of the Russian Revolution. T.5. Berlin, 1922.
Krasnov P.N. From double-headed eagle and the red flag, 1894 - 1921. 2 ed. T. 1 - 4. Berlin, 1922.
Krasnov P.N. Fallen leaves. Munich, 1923.
Krasnov P.N. Everything goes. п п+.1 - 2. Berlin, 1925 - 1926.
Krasnov P.N. Feat. V.1 - 2. Paris, 1932.
Krasnov P.N. On the eve of war: From the Life border garrison. Paris, 1937.
Krasnov P.N. At the turn of China. Paris, 1939.