Born December 12, 1928. in the village of Sheker (Kyrgyzstan) in the family of one of the first Kyrgyz Communist. Under the influence of the family future writer since childhood was introduced to Russian culture, Russian language and literature
. In 1937 his father, . held the leading position, . was repressed, . and Chingiz had to deal with real people's life: his work experience began in ten years, . and the age of fourteen he had worked as a secretary ailsoveta (this was the time of World War, . and the men were at the front), . solving the most complex issues of life a big village,
After graduating from eighth grade, he enrolled in the Dzhambul zootehnikum, who graduated with honors, and was adopted without examination in the Institute of Agriculture. In his student years he wrote little notes, articles, essays, publishing them in newspapers. After the institute worked zootechnician, continuing to write.
In 1956, came to Moscow to study at the higher literature courses, which gave him a lot. Returning to Kyrgyzstan, became editor of "The temperature Kirgiestan Leith, five years had its own correspondent of the newspaper Pravda in Kyrgyzstan.
Widespread fame to the young writer has brought the story "Jamila" (1958), later included in the book "Tales of the mountains and steppes" (Lenin Prize, 1963). In 1961 came the story "Topolyok me in a red scarf". Then followed the story "The First Teacher" (1962), "Mother's Field" (1965), "Farewell, Gulsary!" (1966), "White Ship" (1970) and others.
First novel, written by Aitmatov
, - "And the day lasts longer than a century" (Buran stop ", 1980). In 1988 was published the famous novel "scaffold".
was able to do and diplomatic career: he was ambassador to Luxembourg. At the present time (after the collapse of the Soviet Union) is the Kyrgyz ambassador to Belgium, while leaving the literary work (novel "Cassandra's Brand, 1994).