WATERMELONS Alexey( Playwright)
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Biography WATERMELONS Alexey
(1908 - 1986)
Born on May 13 (26 NS) in Moscow, educated, intellectual family. The strongest childhood impressions of the child was the sea, where the family went every year rest. The beginning of the war in 1914 caught Arbuzov at the Riga seaside, and they urgently had to leave. Arbuzov moved from Moscow to Petrograd, where six Alyosha attached to the theater, listening to opera, go to the cinema. She is a student at a private school (1916). Revolution of 1917 prevented it from obtaining a regular education.
At 9 years he was confronted with the collapse of the old life, and he eagerly absorbs new experiences. The days passed: starvation, scurvy, typhoid. In 11 years, remains one falls into a colony for difficult. Salvation for him was the theater. In the Bolshoi Drama Theater boy had a chance to see the play "The Robbers" by Schiller, who testified for the Red Army, going to the front. Introductory speaker. Blok. The impression was so strong that in this theater has reviewed all the plays, knew the entire repertoire.
His life a bit more orderly: he lives with his aunt in. Savic. School enrollment declined, and did not receive secondary education.
At age 14, began working extra in the Mariinsky Theater. In 16 years, a dramatic fall in the studio, which was led by P. Gaideburov, a brilliant actor and director. In the fall, graduated from the studio, Arbuzov comes into the company Gaydeburova. In the spring of 1928 leaving the theater, to create together with a group of young actors their "shop Experimental Drama". After its collapse takes part in the organization of the theater on wheels (agitvagon), who rides with the performances of the small cities of Russia. The playwright's own theater had so Arbuzov he took up the pen. First mnogoaktnaya play "Class" was staged in Leningrad, but with no success. After the failure of Arbuzov went to Moscow and entered the theater of Meyerhold. There are new friends: In. Pluchek AND. Stock and other actors and directors. In the spring of 1932 he married his daughter was born.
The first piece, which was staged in Moscow, Leningrad and other cities and gained recognition audiences and critics, was a comedy "The Six Loved" (1935). In the same year, a new comedy written by "the journey". Arbuzov always admired the talented actress playing Vakhtangov Babanov and play "Tanya" wrote especially for her. "Tanya" was set in 1939 Moscow theater of the Revolution and was a resounding success. Its set in 1960 - 70-ies many Soviet theaters.
The premiere of the play "The City at dawn" was held February 5, 1941, but the war prevented the long life of this performance.
After the war, Arbuzov wrote comedy "Meet the youth" (1947), about five years working on the drama of "Years of Travel" (1954). Arbuzov becoming one of the most famous playwrights of the country, whose plays were staged in many theaters. For many years the co-creation associated with the theater of the playwright. E. Vakhtangov, which came seven plays Arbuzov: "Irkutsk Story", "Twelfth Hour" (1959), "Lost Son" (1961) and others. Abroad begin to put pieces A. Arbuzov: London - "Happy Days unhappy man," "old-fashioned comedy, it is put in Paris. April 20, 1986 Arbuzov died. Buried in Moscow.