Fyodor Vasilyevich Gladkov( Writer)
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Biography Fyodor Vasilyevich Gladkov
(1883 - 1958)
Born on June 9 (21 NS) in the village Chernavka Saratov province to a peasant family of Old Believers. Primary education in rural school, then had to work: a "boy" in the shop, a pupil in the drugstore, a compositor in the printing. He continued his education by enrolling in Ektarinograde in college, after which was named an elementary school teacher. From 1902 he taught in Transbaikalia. In 1905, traveling to Tbilisi for admission to the Teacher's Institute, is moving closer to the revolutionaries and on the instructions of the party went to Yeisk. Soon followed the arrest and exile for three years in Verkholensk County. After his return he lived in Novorossiysk.
F. Gladkov started writing, studying in Ekaterinodar school, when it was first published - "Towards the light". His early works were published in provincial newspapers. More mature work was the novel "The Outsiders," about the political exiles, written in 1908 - 09 (published in 1922).
In 1914 - 17 Gladkov progymnasium teacher in the village of Pavlov in the Kuban. Since the beginning of the Civil War as a volunteer goes to the Red Army. In 1920, appointed editor of the Novorossiysk newspaper "Red CHERNOMORYE. In 1921 he was transferred to work in Moscow. In 1920 wrote a series of works: the story "Fire Horse" play "windfall" and "gang", the novel "Cement", which brought the author fame, highly praised by Maxim Gorky.
In 1923 Gladkov is a literary group "The Forge", new works of the writer: a story "Blood of the heart" (1928), "New Land" (1930), a collection of "Little Trilogy" (satirical stories, 1932). From 1932 became a member of the editorial board of the New World, "in this period creates its own significant work - the novel" Energy ". During the Great Patriotic War was a correspondent for Pravda and Izvestia, wrote stories about the people of the Ural factories of Leningrad workers who were evacuated to the Urals - the novel "The Oath" (1944). In 1945 - 48 was director of the Literary Institute. Gorky. In the postwar years, wrote an autobiographical trilogy - "The Story of childhood" (1949), "Wolnica" (1950), "Likhaya godina" (1954), the final part of the autobiographical epic - "rebel youth" - did not have time to finish.
Peru F. Gladkov owned and literary portraits of a number of writers - / 7. Bazhova, A. Serafimovich etc.. - And public figures - M. Kalinina, and. Skvortsov-Stepanov, etc.. F. Gladkov died in Moscow on Dec. 20, 1958.