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Oles Gonchar

( Writer)

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Biography Oles Gonchar
Oles Gonchar (real name - Alexander Terent'evich) (3.4.1918, the village of Sukha Poltava province - 1995), writer, academician of the Ukrainian SSR (1978), Hero of Socialist Labor (1978). twice winner of the Stalin Prize (1948, 1949). The son of a peasant. Educated in the Kharkov School of Journalism and the Dnepropetrovsk Institute (1946). His works were published in 1938, the first stories "cherries color" and "John Bridge". Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic War in June 1941 he volunteered for the front. In 1946 he joined the Communist Party (b). His books were primarily propaganda, custom character. In 1946-48 written immediately became well-known trilogy of "bearers": Part 1 "The Alps" (1946). 2-I - "Blue Danube" (1947), 3rd - "Golden Prague" (1948). It r. "revealed the spiritual and moral force of Soviet man, truthfully portrayed the U.S. military". His novels "Tavria" (1952) and "Perekop" (1957) dedicated to the glorification of the heroes of the Civil War. After the death of I.V. Stalin concentrated on "the romantic image of an elevated spiritual image of Soviet man" - in 1959-71 before. of the Union of Writers of Ukraine, Secretary of the Union of Soviet Writers. Active participant baiting B.L. Pasternak, AI. Solzhenitsyn, aq. Sakharov and other. Since 1962 member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, in 1970 a candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee. In 1964 was awarded the Lenin Prize for his novel "Tronka"; in 1982 - the USSR State Prize.


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