Yevgeny Zamyatin( Writer)
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Biography Yevgeny Zamyatin
(1884 - 1937),.
Born January 20 (February 1, NS) in Lebedyan Tambov province in the priest's family. After graduating in 1902, Voronezh Gymnasium with a gold medal, goes to the Shipbuilding Institute, who graduated in 1908. In his student years, during the first Russian revolution, participated in the revolutionary movement. In 1906 - 11 he lived in hiding.
Zamyatin began to be published in 1908, but the first major literary success came to him after the publication of the story "County" (1911). In 1914, for an anti-war novel "At the end of nowhere" the writer was brought to trial, and issue, in which the story appeared, seized. Gorky praised both these stories.
In 1916 - 17 Zamyatin worked as marine engineer in England, the experience which has inspired the novel "natives" (1917). Autumn of 1917 returned to Russia, works in publishing the editorial board of "World Literature", published in journals. Zamyatin's credibility at this time in all respects, was very high. As an engineer, he became famous for participation in the construction of icebreakers - "Ermak" and "Krasin" and others.
In a complex situation literary 1920 Zamyatin gravitated to the "Serapion Brothers". He wrote stories and novels - "Cave", "Rus", "The story about the most important"; trying to force in drama - the plays "The Flea", "Attila".
His famous novel "We" the writer concluded in 1920. Immediately followed by a long and passionate discussion of the book and in society, and in the criticism, although the novel was published abroad, only in 1924 (but after 64 year saw the release in the homeland of the author). Since 1929 Zamyatin in Russia is no longer published. He was subjected not merely raznosnoy unfair criticism, but this harassment.
In 1931 he wrote a letter to Stalin requesting permission to travel abroad and, having received permission, settled in Paris. While in exile, until his death remained Soviet citizenship.
Posthumous publications: the story "Scourge of God" (1938), a book of memories "Faces".
E. Zamyatin died in 1937 in Paris from a serious illness.