Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak Narkisovich( Writer)
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Biography Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak Narkisovich
Mamin-Siberian (real name - Mum) Dmitry Narkisovich (1852 - 1912), novelist.
Born on October 25 (November 6, NS) in the factory of the independent-Shaitansky province of Perm in the family factory priest. He received education at home, then studied at Visimsky school for children of workers.
In 1866, he was adopted in Yekaterinburg religious school, where he studied until 1868, then continued his education in Perm seminary (until 1872). During these years involved in the circle of advanced seminarians, is feeling the effects of ideas Chernyshevskogo Dobrolyubova Herzen.
In 1872, Mamin-Siberian comes to the St. Petersburg Medico-Surgical Academy in the veterinary department. In 1876, without completing the course of the academy, goes to the Faculty of St. Petersburg University, but, having studied a year, forced to leave it because of logistical difficulties and the sharp deterioration in health (early TB).
. The summer of 1877 he returned to the Urals, to the parents
. The following year his father died, and the burden of caring for the family fell on Mamina Sibiryaka. Was chosen Yekaterinburg, where his new life begins. Here he married Maria Alexeeva, which was not only a wife, a friend, but also an excellent source of advice on literary matters. During these years, he commits a lot of trips to the Urals, studying the literature on the history, economics, ethnography of the Urals, immersed in the life of the people, communicating with "simple" Have a great life experience.
. The first fruit of this study was a series of travel notes "From the Urals to Moscow" (1881 - 82), published in the Moscow newspaper "Russian Gazette" and then in the "Case" out of his essays "The Jewels", the stories ( "On the Edge of Asia" "In the wicked hearts", etc.)
. Many were signed by the pseudonym "D. Sibiryak."
The first major writer's works was the novel "Privalovskaya Millions" (1883), which naprotyazhenii year published in the journal "Case" and was a great success. In 1884, in "Notes of the Fatherland" appeared novel, "Mountain Nest", which recognized for Mamin-Sibiryak reputation as an outstanding writer and a realist.
. Two long out in the capital (1881 - 82, 1885 - 86) consolidated the literary context of the writer: he met Korolenko, Zlatovratski, Goltsev, etc.
. During these years, writes and publishes a lot of short stories, essays.
. In 1890, divorced his first wife and married a talented artist Yekaterinburg Drama Theater M. Abramova, and moved to St. Petersburg, where the last stage of his life (1891 - 1912)
. A year Abramova dies, leaving his sick daughter Alenushka at the hands of his father, shaken by this death.
. The rise of social movement in the early 1890's contributed to the appearance of works such as novels "Gold" (1892), the story "Ohoniny eyebrows" (1892)
. Widespread fame works Mamina Sibiryaka for children: "Alenushkiny Tales" (1894 - 96), "Gray neck" (1893), "Summer Lightning" (1897), "On the Urals" (1899), etc.
. The last major writer's works - the novels "The features of the life Pepke" (1894), "Falling Star" (1899) and the story "Mumma" (1907).
. At the age of 60 on November 2 (15 NS) 1912 Mom-Siberian died in St. Petersburg.