NOVIKOV-profit Alexei Muscles( Writer)
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Biography NOVIKOV-profit Alexei Muscles
Novikov-Surf (real name - Novikov) Alex Muscles (1877 - 1944), novelist.
Born on March 12 (24 NS) in the village Matveevskoe Tambov province, in a peasant family. My father was a soldier of Nicholas, have been detained in the military service 25 years. Studied at the parish
. school, with the ending of which resulted in eleven years of his education, as well as its continuation could not afford.
. At 22, he was drafted into the army, served in the Baltic Fleet sailor (1899 - 1906), fell in love with the sea
. Began to educate ourselves. Within two years, visited Kronstadt school, met with a "seditious" literature, for which he was imprisoned. After his release, was sent to the war with Japan, participated in the Battle of Tsushima. Captured and within eight months had the opportunity to read books that were once only heard.
. In 1906 he returned to his native village, wrote a booklet on the Tsushima battle ( "For the sins of others", "Madmen and fruitless victim" under the pseudonym A. Zatyorty - former sailor)
. These brochures have been banned by the Government. Fearing persecution, fled to England.
In 1907 - 13 wandered abroad as a political exile: he lived in France, Spain, Italy and North Africa. Sailed merchant seaman.
In 1912 - 13 he lived in Gorky on Capri (formerly Gorky sent some of his stories, which he approved). Later Novikov says: "Gorky put me on my feet. After learning from him, I strongly and independently entered the literature.
. The first collection of short stories Novikov-Priboya "Sea Stories" in 1914 was seized in the set, was released only after the revolution.
. After the revolution, the writer's works appeared regularly in the press: the story "The sea is calling (1919)," Submariners "(1923)," Eralashny Voyage "(1925)," Woman in the Sea "(1926), etc.
. The most significant work of Novikov-Priboya - historical epic "Tsushima" (1932 - 35).
. During World War II served with articles and essays about the sailors who worked on the great novel "The Captain of rank 1 (not finished).
. A.Novikov-Surf died in Moscow on 29 April 1944.