OSTROVSKY Nikolai( Writer)
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Biography OSTROVSKY Nikolai
OSTROVSKY Nikolai (16.9.1904, village Vilia Ostrozky district of Volyn province - 22.12.1936, Moscow), writer, Brigade Commissar (1936). The son of working -. In 1918, after the beginning of the occupation of Germany, the official biography "ran errands Bolshevik underground". The summer of 1919 connected the Revolutionary Committee. In July 1919 joined the Young Communist League and the Red Army. He fought in part, special purpose (Rae), who "specialize" in the punitive operations in the rear. In 1920, he served in the brigade G. I. Kotovsky, then in the 1 st Cavalry. In August. 1920 seriously wounded floor of Lviv in the head and in October. discharged. From 1920 he worked at the main railway workshops (Kiev), secretary of the Komsomol cell. Fanatic revolutionary struggle. In 1922-24 Secretary of Berezovsky and Iziaslav district committee of the Komsomol (Ukraine). In 1924 joined the Communist Party (b).
Wounding has complications: Ostrovsky in 1928, lost his sight and was bedridden. Invented a writing system, . wrote a novel about the rise of Soviet power, . created an idealized image of the hero-Komsomolets Pavka Korchagin - novel "How the Steel Was Tempered" (1932-34), . which was officially recognized as one of the best works of socialist realism,
. 2/10/1935, after awarding him the Order of Lenin Ostrovsky sent a reply: "Dear beloved Comrade Stalin!" I want to tell you, the leader and teacher, dearest person to me, these few ardent, heartfelt words ... I will strike the enemy other weapons, which had armed me the party of Lenin - Stalin, growing out of an uneducated working-class guy Soviet writer ". After his death remained unfinished novel "Born of the Storm" about the Civil War in Western Ukraine. During his life became a hero of Soviet propaganda, created from the image of the ideal Komsomolets. Ostrovskiy withstood more than 200 publications in many languages. The end of 1980. Roman Ostrovsky occupied a central place in the school curriculum, and students asked to write essays that Pavel is their ideal. In 1987 the novel, as a rather low on the artistic level and the highly politicized and uncritical, disappeared from the program and are now virtually forgotten.