Pilnyak Boris A.( Writer)
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Biography Pilnyak Boris A.
Pilnyak (real name - Vaughan), Boris Andreyevich (1894 - 1937), novelist.
Born on September 29 (October 11, NS) in Mozhaisk. There, as well as in Noginsk and Kolomna spent his childhood and youth. Early began to write at age 15 published his thumbnail "spring".
In 1915 he lived in the Ukraine in the village Pilnyanka (in Ukrainian means "place of Forest Research"), which sent in the wording of his stories, signing the pseudonym "Pilnyak". In 1919 he published the first book of short stories. In 1920, completes the economic department Moskonskogo commercial institution in the same year wrote the novel "The Naked Year", which brought him fame.
. In 1922 - 23 went abroad - in Germany and England, and later traveled to Greece, Turkey, was in China and Japan.
. In 1924, publishes excerpts from a diary ", where they met and such statements:"
. .. Communist literature artificially could not create ...", "I picked up the newspapers, books, and the first thing that strikes - lie everywhere: at work, social life, family relations. Press launch an attack on Pilnyak, calling him a petty-bourgeois writer and a traitor.
In 1926 published "The Tale of outstanding moon" edition which would be confiscated. Taken place in the future publication played a crucial role in the fate Pilnyak. Two months before the "moon" in the "Red Virgin Soil" came out "Zavoloche", which set the problem of violence against the person.
. In 1929 in Berlin, published a story Pilnyak "Mahogany," rejected by the magazine "Red Virgin Soil" for ideological reasons
. Soviet criticism of the story criticized.
. In 1930, wrote the novel "Volga flows into the Caspian Sea, where trying to show the birth of" new Russian culture. "
. The official authorities of many could not forgive the writer, and October 28, 1937 he was arrested.
. 21 April 1938 was convicted and executed
. He was posthumously rehabilitated.
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