Severyanin Igor V.( Poet)
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Biography Severyanin Igor V.
Severyanin Igor (real name - Lotarev) Kurchatov (1887 - 1941), poet.
Born May 4 (16 NS) in St. Petersburg in the family of a retired captain, cultural family, who loved literature and music, especially opera ( "one lst I heard no less than forty times). With nine years of writing poems.
Teenage years spent in the estate "Soyvole" near Cherepovets, Novgorod province, where he graduated four years of secondary school. Then went with his father in Port Far. North awakened in the soul of the poet inspiration (hence his nickname - Severyanin).
Returning in 1904 to his mother, lived with her in Gatchina. Young poet sent to various editions of his poetic experiments, regularly returning back. However, in 1905 published the poem "The death of Rurik, and then a number of individual poems.
The first poet who hailed the emergence of 'Severianin in poetry, was Fofanov K. (1907), second - Bryusov (1911). From 1905 to 1912 Severyanin published 35 books of poetry (mostly in the provincial editions). This fame came to him after the publication of the collection "Gromokipyaschy Cup" (1913). In the same year began giving its own poezokontserty, made the first trip to Russia, together with Sologub.
This was followed by other collections of poetry Severianin - Zlatolira "(1914)," Pineapples in champagne "(1915) and others, many times reprinted. Evenings were a poet with great success, helped by its musical gift. Pasternak. recalled: "... On the stage, before the revolution, Mayakovsky was a rival Igor Severyanin ... "
Linkages with the Estonian family Lotarevyh edge was a long time: the poet's father was studying here, his brothers. New Severyanin visited these places (p Toila) in 1912, then often rested there in the summer months.
In 1918, moved there sick mother. Not for long, stopped in Moscow, where in the evening at the Polytechnical Museum, was elected "King of Poets", he returned to Toyly. German occupation of Estonia (March 1918), the formation of an independent republic (1920), cut him from Russia. He almost continuously lived in the village with his wife - poet and translator of Felissoy Kroot.
While in exile, continued to write. Published a collection of poems "Verweij (1920)," Minstrel "(1921), a novel in verse" Falling sickness chute ", etc.. He issued an anthology of Estonian classical poetry. Government has helped Severianin, awarded subsidies. In recent years, he lived hard, lonely.
Accession in 1940 Estonia to the Soviet Union has aroused in him hope for the publication of his poems, to travel around the country. The disease is not only impede the implementation of these plans, but even the departure from Estonia, when the war began.
December 22, 1941 Severyanin died in Nazi-occupied Tallinn.
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