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Tynyanov Yuri

( Writer)

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Biography Tynyanov Yuri
Tynyanov Yuri (1894 - 1943), writer.

Born on October 6 (18 NS) in the city Rezhitse Vitebsk province in the family doctor, a great lover of literature. In nine years, the future writer is to study in the Pskov school, after which in 1912 entered the Slavic-Russian department of History and Philology of St. Petersburg University. Engaged in a seminar in Vengerov's Pushkin, the famous literary critic, much to learn from his students and leave it at the University. Later Tynyanov lectured on poetry at the Institute of History of Art.

In 1918 - 21 he served in the Comintern, first translator of the French department, then head of the department. This work has enriched his material, which will need him as a future writer.

The first study Tynianov "Gogol and Dostoevsky" was published in 1921. In addition to the history of literature Tynyanov involved and questions of the theory, as a member of scientific associations OPOYaZ (Society for the Study of Poetic Language).

Scientific research and fiction merge in its first novel "Kyuhlya" (1925), which suggested the idea of writing Chukovski to hear a brilliant lecture on Tynianov Kuchelbecker.

In 1927 came the publication of the second historical novel Tynyanov "Death Wazir-Mukhtar", based on a thorough study of the life and work Griboedova. Maxim Gorky wrote to the author of Sorrento: "... a good, interesting and" nourishing "the book. Surprisingly your knowledge of the era ... "Among the historical novels and short stories stood out" Lieutenant Kije "(1928).

In the 1930's began to develop a terrible, incurable disease (multiple sclerosis), and although the writer twice with Gorky went for treatment abroad (in Germany, France), doctors could not help.

The disease robbed him of mental vigor, energy, lively interest in everything that happened in the country and the literature. He headed the research work related to the publication of the series "Library of the poet, conceived Gorky.

Roman Pushkin "(Part 1 - 3, 1935 - 43) Tynyanov supposed to finish the trilogy (Kiichelbecker, Griboyedov, Pushkin). During the war he wrote the third part of his latest novel, working until the last day. Died Tynyanov in Moscow on December 20, 1943.


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