Hermogen( Patriarch, political, activist)
Comments for Hermogen
Hermogenes (no later than 1530 - 1612, Moscow) - the patriarch, political, activist. Precise data about its origin is not revealed. There is evidence that in the worldly life, he served in the Don Cossacks. In 1579 was a priest in Kazan. Taking a monk, he soon received the rank of Archimandrite Kazan Savior-Transfiguration Monastery. In 1589 was elevated to the rank of bishop and was appointed Metropolitan of Kazan. A man determined, G. with a rare tenacity for 17 years, imposing orthodoxy among the natives. When Lzhedmitry 1 was ready to marry a Catholic Mnishek Marina, 75-year-old, was not afraid of the king's anger, has publicly denounced the upcoming wedding, for which he was disgraced and sent into the diocese. Overthrow Falsdmitry 1 May 17, 1606 gave rise to T. Vasily Shuya, becoming king, appointed Mr.. Patriarch. G. was well-read and possessed oratorical powers (uncircumcised and hitrorechiv "), although not a" sladkoglasen and different roughness. He helped keep Shuisky throne during the uprising and. Bolotnikova. But the policy of the king against the False Dmitry II was short-sighted. VI. Shuya, rejecting warnings G., appealed for help to King Charles IX. As a result, Smoot has only been strengthened, service people formed a conspiracy, and in 1610, VI. Shuya was overthrown, despite the opposition of Mr.. As expected, as a result a temporary interregnum sinks. Government ( "Seven Boyars) was forced to choose between Falsdmitry II and the Polish King Sigismund III, to-ing offered in Russian. throne of his son, Vladislav. When the Polish detachment began hosting in Moscow. The Kremlin and the country continued to tear at the intervention and civil strife, D. refused to support the Poles, and stated that neither Sigismund III, nor his son, Vladislav Russia does not need ( "not come to our desire"). At the end of 1610. began to send letters calling for the protection of Orthodoxy and Russian. land, to the organization in various cities of the militia for the liberation of Moscow. Find out on the Poles demanded that Mr.. ordered the militia to go back, but he refused and was imprisoned in the monastery Chudov. In August. 1611 he secretly sent a letter to Nizhny Novgorod, contributing to the victory of militia. M. Minin and D.M. Pozharsky. Staunch and strong spirit, a shrewd politician, H., and praised the militia to fight and possible death, and did not compromise its beliefs. G. was scream interventionists hunger. He was buried in the Assumption Cathedral in Moscow.