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Hilarion

( Spiritual leader)

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Biography Hilarion
Hilarion (Troitsky Vasily A.) (1866, with. Lipitsy at Serpukhov. Mosk. lip .- Dec. 28. 1929, Leningrad). Genus. family priest. In 1910 he graduated from Moscow. Theological Academy with a degree of Candidate. theology and on professorial Fellow. In 1913 received a master's degree in theology and was tonsured a monk, ordained monks and established the post of lecturer Mosk. Theological Academy, and then appointed as an inspector with the elevated to the rank of Archimandrite. In December. 1913 approved the rank of extraordinary professor of New Testament Scripture: Doctor of Theology. According to the memoirs of contemporaries, Hilarion was physically strong man, tall, with thin features, light-brown beard. Attracted the attention of majesty, the elegance of a strict, peculiar picturesqueness. Favorite of the people, Hilarion also enjoyed great prestige among the clergy. Theologian TSerk. writer.

In 1916 he released a book. Three against the church. Duma of the Russian. intellectuals, in a swarm-wrote: "Eng. people brought up under the hands .--tion of the church, and thus falling away from the church for Russian. rights and is almost certainly falling away from Russia. Russia can survive without a parliament, without universities, but Russia can not be imagined without the church. Now Russian. people covered illness ... of Russian. intellectuals ... moved away from the church, got out of her hand-va, lost contact with the life of the church ... This falling away from the church took place under the influence of the West, has long fallen away from the church, "" In this you can see the most harmful and destructive influence of the West in Russian. life ... And we did, and now there are voices that we are not fighting with Zap.-Europe. culture, but only with Prussian militarism "(P 'with. 5, 19). In Theological Gazette for January. 1917 in art. "Faith and Reason" asserted: "Separation of church will have grave consequences for the separated. From churches are separated only heretics and schismatics, the essence remains the same (t. 1,. 9).

After the February. Revolution of 1917 took part in the elections to the Tula Department (July) and the rector of Moscow. Theological Academy (September), but in both cases did not receive the necessary number of votes. Member SW. Cathedral Pravosl. Ros. Church (August. 1917-1918). At the Council acted as a supporter of the patriarchate: "They call the heart of Moscow, Russia. But where in Moscow to be Russian. heart? At the stock exchange? In bargaining. ranks? At the Kuznetsk bridge? It beats in the Kremlin. But where in the Kremlin? In the District Court? Or Soldiers. barracks? No, in the Assumption Cathedral. There ... beating Russian. Orthodox. heart. Eagle Peter's ... gouged out by a Russian autocracy. Orthodox. heart. Sacrilegious hand of the wicked Peter brought the First Hierarch of Russia, with its centuries-old place in the Assumption Cathedral. The Local Council of the Church of Russia, from the God given him power, again sets Mosk. Patriarch at its legitimate inalienable place "(see: L. Regelson, Russian tragedy. Church. 1917-1945, Paris, 1977,. 31).

Since 1920 Bishop Vereisky, Vicar Moscow. Diocese. In 1923, Patriarch Tikhon elevated to the rank of Archbishop Hilarion. Manage the affairs of Moscow. Diocese. In November. this year, was arrested and exiled to Solovki, where he stayed until 1925. In 1925-26 was held in Yaroslavl prison, "and then again at Solovki. In 1929, sent to exile in Alma-Ata, died of typhus in Leningrad. prison hospital.


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