JOB( The first Russian patriarch)
Comments for JOB
JOB (?, G. Starica - 1607, ibid) - the first Russian. Patriarch. Genus. family townspeople. Studied at the Assumption Convent in Staritsa and about 1553 took monastic vows as a monk. In 1566 Starica oprichnina became the residence of Ivan IV, to-ing after the "brute force fellows" promote access to and. place Abbot. In 1571 and. was transferred to Moscow and was appointed rector of Simonov Monastery. In 1575 and. became abbot of the monastery Novospasski. Participated in the activities of the Council 1580 in Moscow, where talks on the monastic estates. In 1581 and. been put Bishop Degtyarev. Man of average ability. I., personally loyal to Boris Godunov, drew the attention of the fact that he could read expressively by heart long prayers "Aki tube beautiful and all the fun and delighting the hearts of hearers rumors". During the reign of Fedor Ivanovich, when the de facto ruler was Boris Godunov, and. in 1586 became Archbishop of Rostov and in the same year - vseross. Metropolitan of Moscow. Realizing the need to consolidate the authority of a strong church, Boris Godunov, he secured the agreement of the Constantinople Patriarch Jeremiah to the establishment of the patriarchate in Russia. In 1589 and. "massacre carried out by the Holy Patriarch of All Russia". I. used all his influence and played a major role in the approval of Boris Godunov to the throne. I. Godunov did not consent to the opening in Moscow Zap against foreign teachers, tk. believed that the influence of foreigners and infidels can bring "the difference in thought," dangerous for the church, and, in turn, suggested a lack of education make up the spread of "patristic teachings and traditions of the church". Led and. were corrected and preparation for printing service books. Encouraged and. glorification of some Russian. Saints: from 1588 determined to celebrate the memory of Basil, established religious holiday in honor of Joseph Volotsky etc.. I. contributed to the construction of new temples and monasteries, and Christian missionary activities in the newly acquired Astrakhan Khanate and Siberia. In 1591, after the mysterious death of Prince. Dmitry and. received non-criminal version, all supporting Boris Godunov. When invasion Falsdmitry 1 and the sudden death of Boris Godunov, June 1, 1605 in Moscow there was a revolt. In vain I pleaded Muscovites. remain faithful to the oath. Erupting into the Cathedral of the Assumption crowd with arms and staves "vnidosha into the holy altar created me, Ieva patriarch of the altar created vzyasha and in the church and dragging over the area, many pozorisha shame". Boyar P.F. Basmanov cursed and. before all the people as traitors to the present Emperor. I. Staritskiy was sent to a monastery, where he died. He was canonized in 1989.