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PHILIP

( Church leader)

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Biography PHILIP
Philip (in the world Kolychev Fyodor) (1507 - 1569, Tver) - church leader. Place of the noble boyar family. He served at the court of Elena Glinsky and in 1537 after taking part in the rebellion of Prince Andrew specific Staritskogo fled to Solovetsky monastery, where he took monastic vows. In 1548 became the abbot and gained a reputation as a wonderful administrator. When it was built many business structures: a network of canals connecting 72 lakes and serving water mills, a brickyard, kitchens, warehouses, etc.. Among the clergy stood stern and inflexible character. In an effort to rely on the ecclesiastical authority, Ivan IV Vasilyevich the Terrible invited to take the throne of Metropolitan Philip, to agree-ing on this subject to cancellation by Ivan the Terrible oprichnina. King managed to persuade Philip that he should not interfere in oprichnina (in tsarskoy house everyday life not vstupatisya "), but getting the right" to advise "with the monarch, which included the possibility of" Lamentations "for the disgraced. Short-lived break in the terror of Ivan the Terrible completed a new series of murders, and Philip did not keep quiet. In the spring of 1568 at the Assumption Cathedral Philip publicly refused to bless the king, denouncing oprichnina penalty. Aimed at Solovetsky monastery Commission was not able to find materials proving that the Abbot Philip led a vicious life. Nevertheless, in November 1568 bishops obedient to the king on the church council recognized Philip guilty of "stingy affairs" and deposed. Posted in captivity in the Founding of Assumption Convent, Philip, refusing to bless the Novgorod oprichnina pogrom, was strangled M. Skuratov-Belsky. In 1652 was canonized Eng. Orthodox Church.


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