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BRODSKY Isaak

( Artist)

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Biography BRODSKY Isaak
Brodsky, Isaak (25.12.1883, Sofievka, Ukraine - 14/8/1939, Leningrad), painter, Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1938). Educated at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1908). Student I.E. Repin. After 1917, participated actively in political life. He specialized in historical and revolutionary plots. His most famous works "The shooting of the 26 Baku Commissars" (1925), "Lenin in Smolny (1930), portraits VI. Lenin I.V. Stalin K.E. Voroshilov, etc.. Since 1934 Director of the All-Russia Academy of Arts (Leningrad). Was very popular and glorified party press, which called him "an outstanding master of group and individual portraits". In fact, was a court painter of the Kremlin. His picture takes pride of place in all the major art museums have been exhibited at major exhibitions. In 1937 at the International Exhibition in Paris in the Soviet pavilion was put up pictures of Brodsky's "Lenin in Putilov" and "Lenin in Red wires going to the front".
To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000


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Isaak Brodsky (1884-1939). In the vast, rich pictorial, sculptural and graphic works of Soviet Leniniana particularly famous and enjoys the love of one seemingly modest canvas. Lenin is depicted in a small room Smolny, where the more kept in a room classroom lady here recently, the former Gentry Institute-upholstered furniture in a strict white covers. Vladimir Ilyich sitting at a round table. It focuses tired and tense, exhausting rhythm of the first days of October. Notebook on his knees, where he quickly captures, perhaps abstract of the report or appeal to the people, perhaps, the new government decree. It is hard to tear myself away from this picture, so, apparently, of rather non nor its compositional structure, nor colorful performance.

. Painting, 'Lenin in Smolny', written by Isaak Brodsky in 1930, immediately after his appearance has become one of the most popular works on the image of a great leader.

. Over the shoulders of the artist, his artistic heritage of that time was not one work depicting Lenin
. This huge, multi-figured painting 'Solemn Opening of the II Congress of the Comintern' (1924), 'Speech in. I. Lenin at a rally of workers Putilov in May 1917 '(1929) and portrait work, such as' Lenin on the background of the Kremlin '(1923), "Lenin on the dais' (1925), 'Lenin at Smolny background' (1925), etc.. Brodsky became a recognized master and a classic Leninist theme in Soviet art.

. To the artist had been entrusted with such an honorable and responsible mission to capture for his contemporaries and descendants of the road for all mankind ^ the image of the great Lenin, . required not only a great professional skill, . but also a great artistic and social authority,
. It is no accident that a. V. Lunacharsky, the first commissar of the Soviet Republic for the Arts, writing down the Brodsky permit painting of Lenin in his office with nature, he brought in the mandate and the following words: 'ethically and politically quite reliable'. And many in the creative biography of the artist confirms these words.

Brodsky was the favorite pupil of the great Russian artist and. E. Repin, with whom he studied at the Higher Art School Academy of Fine Arts five years (1902-1907) and did not interrupt the warmest of relations until the last years of life of the famous wizard. 'From Repin - Brodsky said, "I took his attitude to art, love and a serious approach to art as a matter of life'. The first Russian revolution of 1905-1907 and returned to the Academy, where meetings were held with the red flags. They students demanded the democratization of the internal regulations of the highest artistic establishments in Russia. Brodsky choose the Council of elders, but there comes the band and its response soon as politically unreliable expelled from school. And even re-entrance exams are not opened the doors of the Academy, only the intercession of Repin and the rector of the Academy in. A. Brodsky Beklemisheva allowed to finish it. His achievements were so significant that the Council of the Academy of extending his term overseas trips.

Early works by the artist attracted exquisite colorful, jewelry linear study of details, optimism poetic attitude. These are the 'Portrait of the wife' (1910), 'The Tale' (1911), 'Italy' (1911), 'Portrait of the Talalaeva' (1913). This line of his work entirely fit into the mainstream of European modernism, a few of his salon spicy exotic, high-color graphics and the sophistication. The best features of its style appeared in the landscape works and portraits. While in Italy, Brodsky met with M. Gorky wrote his portrait, and friendships between them.

The best landscapes in which manifested a special fondness for the beauty of the artist's northern Russian countryside, and his desire for great style, began painting 'Winter Landscape' (1918-1920). She performed almost breygelevskogo span, landscape image, with all the distinctive features of jewelry techniques the artist's monumentality is striking and poetic force.

. The Great October Socialist Revolution ushered in Brodsky masters of large-scale canvases multifigure
. He planned a series of 'Revolution in Russia' - is so great the enthusiasm of the artist, who witnessed the great events. In this series he wanted to 'feasibly reflect the greatness of our time, calmly and simply, the language of realist art tell a story of great deeds and days of the revolution, its leaders, heroes and ordinary soldiers'.

. First picture of this cycle was the 'Solemn Opening of the II Congress ...', the second-'Rasstrel 26 Baku Commissars' (1925)
. In the arsenal of the artist are tragic and paint, his method is enriched strict historicism, artistic imagery documentary. In the process of Brodsky examines all the necessary historical and iconographic material, eyewitness accounts, leaves the scene. Thus, working on the painting 'Solemn Opening of the II Congress of the Comintern', he performed hundreds of portrait sketches of the leading figures of the international workers' and communist movement. Now they, these workshops graphic-portraits are an invaluable historical and artistic material,

The main business of life Brodsky began his Leniniana-a remarkable achievement of Soviet art, its gold reserve. The artist first made a convincing portrait and historical, artistic and personal level image of the leader of the Great October Socialist Revolution, the builder and organizer of the world's first socialist state. In this, the continuing importance of creativity Brodsky.

(25.12.1883, Sofievka, Ukraine - 14/8/1939, Leningrad), painter, Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1938). Educated at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1908). Student I.E. Repin. After 1917, participated actively in political life. He specialized in historical and revolutionary plots. His most famous works "The shooting of the 26 Baku Commissars" (1925), "Lenin in Smolny (1930), portraits VI. Lenin I.V. Stalin K.E. Voroshilov, etc.. Since 1934 Director of the All-Russia Academy of Arts (Leningrad). Was very popular and glorified party press, which called him "an outstanding master of group and individual portraits". In fact, was a court painter of the Kremlin. His picture takes pride of place in all the major art museums have been exhibited at major exhibitions. In 1937 at the International Exhibition in Paris in the Soviet pavilion was put up pictures of Brodsky's "Lenin in Putilov" and "Lenin in Red wires going to the front".
To use material from the book.: Zaleski KA. Stalin's empire. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000


-------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------

Isaak Brodsky (1884-1939). In the vast, rich pictorial, sculptural and graphic works of Soviet Leniniana particularly famous and enjoys the love of one seemingly modest canvas. Lenin is depicted in a small room Smolny, where the more kept in a room classroom lady here recently, the former Gentry Institute-upholstered furniture in a strict white covers. Vladimir Ilyich sitting at a round table. It focuses tired and tense, exhausting rhythm of the first days of October. Notebook on his knees, where he quickly captures, perhaps abstract of the report or appeal to the people, perhaps, the new government decree. It is hard to tear myself away from this picture, so, apparently, of rather non nor its compositional structure, nor colorful performance.

. Painting, 'Lenin in Smolny', written by Isaak Brodsky in 1930, immediately after his appearance has become one of the most popular works on the image of a great leader.

. Over the shoulders of the artist, his artistic heritage of that time was not one work depicting Lenin
. This huge, multi-figured painting 'Solemn Opening of the II Congress of the Comintern' (1924), 'Speech in. I. Lenin at a rally of workers Putilov in May 1917 '(1929) and portrait work, such as' Lenin on the background of the Kremlin '(1923), "Lenin on the dais' (1925), 'Lenin at Smolny background' (1925), etc.. Brodsky became a recognized master and a classic Leninist theme in Soviet art.

. To the artist had been entrusted with such an honorable and responsible mission to capture for his contemporaries and descendants of the road for all mankind ^ the image of the great Lenin, . required not only a great professional skill, . but also a great artistic and social authority,
. It is no accident that a. V. Lunacharsky, the first commissar of the Soviet Republic for the Arts, writing down the Brodsky permit painting of Lenin in his office with nature, he brought in the mandate and the following words: 'ethically and politically quite reliable'. And many in the creative biography of the artist confirms these words.

Brodsky was the favorite pupil of the great Russian artist and. E. Repin, with whom he studied at the Higher Art School Academy of Fine Arts five years (1902-1907) and did not interrupt the warmest of relations until the last years of life of the famous wizard. 'From Repin - Brodsky said, "I took his attitude to art, love and a serious approach to art as a matter of life'. The first Russian revolution of 1905-1907 and returned to the Academy, where meetings were held with the red flags. They students demanded the democratization of the internal regulations of the highest artistic establishments in Russia. Brodsky choose the Council of elders, but there comes the band and its response soon as politically unreliable expelled from school. And even re-entrance exams are not opened the doors of the Academy, only the intercession of Repin and the rector of the Academy in. A. Brodsky Beklemisheva allowed to finish it. His achievements were so significant that the Council of the Academy of extending his term overseas trips.

Early works by the artist attracted exquisite colorful, jewelry linear study of details, optimism poetic attitude. These are the 'Portrait of the wife' (1910), 'The Tale' (1911), 'Italy' (1911), 'Portrait of the Talalaeva' (1913). This line of his work entirely fit into the mainstream of European modernism, a few of his salon spicy exotic, high-color graphics and the sophistication. The best features of its style appeared in the landscape works and portraits. While in Italy, Brodsky met with M. Gorky wrote his portrait, and friendships between them.

The best landscapes in which manifested a special fondness for the beauty of the artist's northern Russian countryside, and his desire for great style, began painting 'Winter Landscape' (1918-1920). She performed almost breygelevskogo span, landscape image, with all the distinctive features of jewelry techniques the artist's monumentality is striking and poetic force.

. The Great October Socialist Revolution ushered in Brodsky masters of large-scale canvases multifigure
. He planned a series of 'Revolution in Russia' - is so great the enthusiasm of the artist, who witnessed the great events. In this series he wanted to 'feasibly reflect the greatness of our time, calmly and simply, the language of realist art tell a story of great deeds and days of the revolution, its leaders, heroes and ordinary soldiers'.

. First picture of this cycle was the 'Solemn Opening of the II Congress ...', the second-'Rasstrel 26 Baku Commissars' (1925)
. In the arsenal of the artist are tragic and paint, his method is enriched strict historicism, artistic imagery documentary. In the process of Brodsky examines all the necessary historical and iconographic material, eyewitness accounts, leaves the scene. Thus, working on the painting 'Solemn Opening of the II Congress of the Comintern', he performed hundreds of portrait sketches of the leading figures of the international workers' and communist movement. Now they, these workshops graphic-portraits are an invaluable historical and artistic material,

The main business of life Brodsky began his Leniniana-a remarkable achievement of Soviet art, its gold reserve. The artist first made a convincing portrait and historical, artistic and personal level image of the leader of the Great October Socialist Revolution, the builder and organizer of the world's first socialist state. In this, the continuing importance of creativity Brodsky.


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