Vatagin Vasily( Artist)
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Biography Vatagin Vasily
Vasily Vatagin (1884-1969). Educated Vasily Vatagin-biologist. He graduated from the natural faculty of Moscow University. However, the key was for him the profession of the artist. 'Since then, as I remember myself, my favorite pastime was drawing', "recalls Vatagin in his autobiographical notes. I should add that in this drawing the main role was assigned to animals and one can only wonder astonishing fidelity Vatagin your baby's partiality, since the artist's entire life was devoted to the study and portrayal of the animal world.
. In 1898, Vatagin enters the studio aquarellist H
. A. Martynov. Educational system Martynov was the lack of any system. He set himself a disciple of a stuffed animal and allowed to act like he knows, requiring only a 'completeness' image. After studying this way for several years, Vatagin, as he says himself, 'acquired the habit of drawing to bring to the end, send the details are often boring, and faithfully perform the work of little interest'.
. In 1903, as a second year student in university, Vatagin comes to art school to
. F. Juon. Imagine his surprise when, showing the work of the teacher, he heard the question: 'Where is art? " First learned of the existence of ~ n principles technology, the nature of color, lines, forms, laws of composition. From this time begins 'struggle' of science and art in the works Vatagin. This was all the more difficult that in a lifetime Vatagin worked in the field of scientific illustration, which demanded from him just fine 'scientific' drawing. Zoologists and animal artist with difficulty got on to one person. Traces of this struggle evident in many works of the artist.
Style Works Vatagin early 1900-ies was formed under the influence of his many trips to Russia and abroad. He traveled north and south of Russia, for several years, drew in zoos in Europe, collecting material about exotic animals for the Moscow University, visited Greece, Sicily, Constantinople. Pages of his albums are filled with drawings of animals, interspersed with sketches of the ruins of the Acropolis, Olympia, Mycenae, watercolor landscapes of Palermo, Naples, Pompeii. He left dozens of hefty folder of drawings and watercolors, for it can be traced all the complex and varied 'geography' of his life.
. All free time Vatagin spent in museums, studying in the original great works of world art
. In Athens he was struck by the Museum of Egyptian sculpture. Henceforth, the art of Egypt, with its full significance of the images of animals, laconic form, refinement of the silhouette for a long time to subdue the imagination of the artist.
. The first sculptural experiments Vatagin relate to 1908 and are the traces of imitation of Egyptian art, is the relief of 'Condor', 'Bison', 'monkey', round sculpture in wood and stone
. One of the best works of this period, 'Head of a polar bear' (1911, wood). Powerful, expressive, specifically and boldly carved, sculpture creates an image, full of 'animal dignity'. Appeal to the Egyptian art and to the tree as the material that requires a more conventional form of solutions, was part of the artist's conscious struggle to overcome his usual penchant for naturalism.
. Further efforts are directed to the creation of the artist's emotional and lively image of the beast, his characteristic gestures, habits, plastics, to achieve "simplicity and understandability image '
. He is working seriously and in depth, trying to go beyond the zoological interpretation image. Gradually, he develops the language simple and clear. His 'palette' is enriched, in addition to wood, he works in marble, earthenware, terracotta, majolica, cuts to the bone. He thoroughly studied the possibility of different materials and learned how to use them.
The feeling of inexhaustible love for the animal world, delight and admiration for its amazing variety and perfection, were the basis of creativity Vatagin. He often refers to the genre of animal portrait: 'The head of Oranga', 'The head of a gorilla', 'The head of a lioness', etc.. In them he searchingly and sympathetically penetrates into the inner world of the beast. In genre sculptures he knows how to tactfully and convey clear manifestation of animal kindness, friendship, love. These are his 'Playing Panther', 'Playing the bears', 'monkey with a baby' and many others. Vatagin had a 'sense of the beast', as he said himself, helping him to love and creatively interpret the world of wildlife.
Vatagin tried to work in the genre of decorative sculpture park. Thus, in the years 1931-1932, he designed the entrance to the new territory of the Moscow Zoo, and in 1935 for 12 days fashioned three majestic figures of lions that adorn the descent to the sea in one of the Crimean sanatoria. Many worked with ceramics, creating a unique work, and works for mass production. It is well known for his series 'game animals of the USSR'.
As already mentioned, Vatagin entire life engaged in scientific illustration. He illustrated books, zoological tables, guides to the zoo. For many years he worked for Darwin and the Zoological Museum, creating more than 400 scenic panels and about 100 sculptures and sculptural groups on the motives of primitive culture. Can not say that this work was oppressed by the artist. It was close Vatagin scientist. Besides Vatagin gave a scientific illustration of the shares of artistry and animation, which at the time she was unavailable.
Even in 1910, while in Berlin, Vatagin studied the technique of lithography in the studio of renowned German graphic Kapshteyna. In this technique, performed many of Vatagin: album, 'India', which appeared after his visit to India in 1913, the album 'Risunki', based on drawings in the Moscow Zoo, a series of landscapes of the Caucasus from the impressions of the expedition in 1929. In 1938 Vatagin publishes two series: 'Animals' and 'fossil', and in 1944 a series of 'animals and birds Childhood and Motherhood'. And, of course, the most famous graphics work Vatagin-illustrations to his favorite book, 'Mowgli'. It combined his deep knowledge of wildlife and fantastic memories of the artist's travels in India.
In addition to the 'Mowgli' Vatagin illustrated many children's books with the works of A. Chekhov A. Tolstoy, Jack London, Seton-Thompson and others.
Many years of his life devoted Vatagin research work. They created work 'images of animals in art', in which he was interested in the role and importance of animalism in different periods of art.
. Vatagin selfless dedication to the cause of his life, demanding of themselves, the ability to learn by the end of his life made him one of the outstanding figures in the animal genre
. It may be called the founder of the Moscow School animalistic.
Vasily Vatagin was a great worker - strikes a lot of work remaining after. Artworks Vatagin are found in many museums around the country, including the Tretyakov Gallery and the Russian Museum.